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Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC)
The Commission consists of a Chairman who is the Chief National Electoral Commissioner and the Chief Executive of the Commission and twelve other members known as National Electoral Commissioners. The Chairman and members of the Commission are not less than 50 and 40 years of age respectively and persons of unquestionable integrity.
The functions of the Commission as stipulated in Part 1 of the Third Schedule to the 1999 Constitution are as listed below:
i. Organize, undertake and supervise all elections to the offices of the President and Vice-President, the Governor and Deputy Governor of a state, and to the membership of the Senate, the House of Representatives and the House of Assembly of each State of the Federation;
ii. Register political parties in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution and an act of the National Assembly;
iii. Monitor the organization and operation of the political parties, including their finances;
iv. Arrange for the annual examination and auditing of the funds and accounts of political parties, and publish a report on such examination and audit for public information;
v. Arrange and conduct the registration of persons qualified to vote and prepare, maintain and revise the register of voters for the purpose of any election under this Constitution;
vi. Monitor the political campaigns and provide rules and regulations, which shall govern the political parties;
vii. Ensure that all Electoral Commissioners, Electoral and Returning officers take and subscribe to the oath of office prescribed by law;
viii. Delegate any of its powers to any Resident Electoral Commissioners;
ix. Carry out such other functions as may be conferred upon it by an Act of the National Assembly.
The mission of the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) is to:
Educate Nigerian citizens about democracy and the election process
Provide for votersí registration
Compile a credible votersí register
Demarcate constituency boundaries
Organise and conduct credible elections
Monitor the conduct of political parties
Audit the finances of political parties, and
Promote an enduring democratic culture in Nigeria
The vision of a future INEC is that of a dynamic and formidable organisation that is a major force in the constitution and furtherance of democracy in Nigeria.