SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTUREPost Comment SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE Nigeria
Since its creation, both the immediate past military administrator and the current civilian government under the leadership of Alh. Ahmed Sani Yerima Bakura have reiterated that the provision of infrastructural facilities and social services would focus on improvement and expansion of Educational and Health facilities, Water supplies, Electricity and Roads.
Education: The State had 1,160 primary schools (both public and private) as at September 1999 with total enrolment of 299,915, made up of 217,643 males (or about 72.6 per cent) and 82,272 females (or about 27.4 per cent).This presents the distribution of pupil enrolment per LGA under the Zamrafa State Primary Education Board. The statistics presented in Table 36.2 reveal that only in six L.GAs have total enrolment exceeded 20,000 with Gusau, Talata Mafara, Kaura Namoda toping the list with total enrolments of 42,416, 25,254 and 23,831 respectively.
The state has a total of 13 junior secondary schools, with a total enrolment of 14,410 students, of which only one school the junior secondary school at Kasuwar Daii in Kaura Namoda LGA is a co-educational (mixed) school, but with only 36 female students. (Table 36.3). Furthermore, there are 24 Senior Secondary Schools in the State with a total enrolment of 51,090 students made up of 37,662 males (or about 74 per cent) and 13,662 females (or about 26 per cent).
The distribution pattern of secondary schools reveal that while there are no junior secondary schools at Anka, Bakura, Bukkuyum, Gummi and safe, it is only in one LGA B/Magaji that there is no senior secondary school (Table 36.3). Except in four LGAs Gummi, Gusau, Talata Mafara and Zurmi where there are coeducational schools, all the other LGAs have maleonly secondary schools.
In addition, there are four schools under the Science and Technical Education Board. These are located at Gusau, with a total enrolment of 2,814 students; Kaura Namoda, Shinkafi and Talata Mafara with enrolments of 796, 635 and 763, respectively. There is also the Arabic and Islamic Education Board, as well as the Agency for Mass Education in the State. Federal and State parastatals and institutions of higher learning .
Health: Table 36.4 which displays the distribu tion of health facilities in Zamfara State reveals that there are only eight General Hospitals, six Primary Health Centres, three Basic Health Service Centres, one centre for VesicoVaginal Fistula, a Mental Home and a Federal Medical Centre. Gusau, the State capital, has the largest concentration of health facilities. Just as health facilities are few because the State is young, health manpower is equally poor (Table 36.5).
Water and Electricity Supply: There is no gainsaying the fact that portable water supply con tinues to be a chronic problem in the young Zamfara State. But since the last military administration of Lt. Col. Bala Yakubu and the coming into office of the present civilian administration, under Governor Ahmed Sani, concerted efforts have been made to remedy the water supply problem.
For example, there has been the rehabilitation of Koramas Wanke pumping station, as well as the utilization of the Damba dam to improve the overall water supply situation in the state capital and its environs on a regular basis. In addition to these, 40 hand pumps were constructed within Gusau and its environs to ease the water shortage problem. Similarly, efforts were made by the State Government in conjunction with the now defunct Petroleum Trust Fund (PTF), to rehabilitate a num ber of rural water supply schemes in the State.
Except Gusau, the state capital, and Talata Mafara, both of which are linked to the national grid, most parts of the state tacked electricity at the beginning. However, several LGAs are now either linked to the national grid or serviced through the Rural Electrification Scheme. Thus, most parts of the state can now boast of electricity supply.
Transport and Communications: Zamfara State is served with a good road network (Trunk A) which links it to the neighbouring states of Sokoto, Kebbi, Katsina, Kaduna and even to Niger Republic. In the same vein, most of the LGA head quarters are linked to Gusau, the State capital, with good tarred roads. The Zamfara State Transport Authority has increased the number of buses plying between the state and other states in the federation.
Recently the Authority received several additional buses fronr the Federal Urban Mass Transport Authority. There is a rail line from Kaduna which passes through Gusau and terminates at Kaura Namoda. The state government is proposing to upgrade the functiona air strip at Gusau to an international airport. Telephone facilities also exist in all the majo towns in the State. It is expected that the digita telephone line at Gusau and K/Namoda would soon be extended to other towns in the state. There are also privately run courier mail delivery agencies
Tourism and Recreation: There are severe tourist attractions of either natural, historic or religious interest in Zamfara State . The natural sites are located at Kalale in Maru an Kotorkoshi Hills, while the Bakolori Dam, and th irrigated farms at Talata Mafara provide other see attractions around manmade lakes. The list of hotels in the state is shown in Appendix V. Ther are proposals for the construction of governmer catering houses at Shinkafi, K/Namoda, T/Mafarc Gummi and Bakura. In addition, there is a proposal for the establishment of a tourist complex at Gusau.
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