SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTUREPost Comment SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE Nigeria
Education: The state has 1,160 primary schools with an enrolment figure of 299,915, made up of 217,643 males (or 72.6 per cent) and 82,272 females (or 27.4 per cent). Table 33.2 shows the growth in enrolment figures for primary schools. It is clear from the Table that there was a steady growth in enrolment figures from 1994 to 1997. For exam ple, while total enrolment figures have increased over the years, it was during 1997 that the greatest enrolment figure was recorded. The enrolment increases for male and female were 19.0 and 10.8 per cent respectively.
This shows 12.9 per cent increase in the grand total. This increase notwith standing, it must be noted that the state still lags behind other states of the federation in primary school enrolment. Thus, in order to provide the muchneeded qualitative education to the primary school age population in the state, the Sokoto State Government proposed a projected primary school enrolment of 551,288 by the year 2000.
(Table 33. 2). It is not just the male pupil enrolment that deserves attention; females in fact deserve more. Perhaps it is in recognition of this fact that the Universal Basic Education (UBE) scheme was launched by President Olusegun Obasanjo in Sokoto on 30th September, 1999, just as he did in 1976 when the Universal Primary Education (UPE) was launched by him. Table 33.3 provides the number of primary schools as well as the number of male and female pupils per Local Government Area in Sokoto State.
The Table reveals that while Sabon Birni, (1999 population: 192,181) has the highest number of schools with a total number of 24,463 pupils, both Sokoto North and Sokoto South LGAs with a pro jected population of 347,901 in 1999 had a com bined total of 28 primary schools with a total enrol ment of 29,977 pupils. These figures are rather low when compared to some other States in the Federation. As at June 1999, there were 57 secondary schools in Sokoto State with a total enrolment figure of 42,848 students. Table 33.4 shows both the num ber of secondary schools per local government area and the total enrolment.
Health: As at June 1999, Sokoto State had a total of 440 health facilities located in different local government areas of the state ( Table 33.5). Of this total, there are eight general hospitals, one each of teaching, psychiatric, army and specialist hospitals. It is evident from Table 33.5 that dispensaries (including upgraded ones) number 344 or 78 per cent, while there are twenty four rural health centres and health clinics. There are thirty three private health clinics, most of which are located in the Sokoto North and Sokoto South local government areas.
Housing: Living and office accommodation are provided by the State and Federal governments as well as the private sector in the State. Existing housing schemes of the federal and state government include 150 units of three and four bedroom bungalows of the Federal Housing Authority located in Sokoto metropolis.
Others include the Federal Government's lowcost housing schemes at Arkilla in Sokoto town. The units are owneroccupier cate gories and those meant for civil servants. There are also fifty units at Gwiwa Layout in Sokoto metropo lis.Office accommodation for State Ministries is being adequately provided by the two State Secretariats the Usman Farouk located off Kano Road and the Shehu Kangiwa along the western byepass. Most of the federal parastatals have their separate residential units such as Customs bar racks, Central Bank quarters, Police barracks and Army barracks et cetera.
Water Supply and Electricity: There is steady supply of potable drinking water to all local govern ment headquarters in the state and many semi urban and rural areas. The State Water Board.along with the Ministry of Water Resources and the Agency for Rural Development, are responsible for the supply of water to the cities and rural areas.
The water supply situation remains precarious in some rural areas especially during the long dry season when standing pools dry up. Electricity supply to urban centres is provided by the National Electric Power Authority (NEPA), while the State's Rural Electrification Board is responsible for power supply to rural areas. Towns like Sokoto, Wurno, Bodinga and Illela enjoy light from the national grid, while the Rural Electrification Board maintains 13 electricity power stations within the State.
Transport, Communications and Commercial Services: The state's transport authority pro vides transport services, both intra and interstate. It has a fleet of about thirtytwo vehicles. There is at the state capital, an airport of inter national standard. Currently, irregular flights are maintained by Nigeria Airways. The state has no
Tourism and Recreation: Most of the tourist train service; thus road transportation is the most attractions in Sokoto State revolve around the important in the state. The state capital is well remains of the Sokoto Caliphate. Being a centre of linked with all its twentythree local government Islamic culture, history and tradition, sites of areas. Similarly, the capital city has a commendable gious interest abound.
These sites include tombs of network of single and dualcarriage ways. founders of the caliphate and famous Islamic schol With regard to communications, Sokoto State ars located in Degel, Sokoto, Wurno, Sifawa and has a general post office in the capital and all major Silame (see Appendix V). Historical materials are towns, and a NITEL exchange at Sokoto. These are available in the state's History Bureau which hous in addition to privatelyrun delivery agencies likes collections of artifacts from the caliphate and DHL, IMNL, RSE UPS, et cetera.
The state also has empires of Zarnfara and Gobir. Indeed, arrange a radio station of shortwave capacity and a news ments have been completed to establish a museum paper house which publishes the newspaper, The at SabonBirnin to hold materials on the history of Path. There is also the federal governmentowned Gobir. The state, under its Youth Development Nigerian Television Authority Sokoto. Programmer, pursues activities like Youth holiday camping, Youth Day celebrations and Youth The Sokoto Urban and Regional Plannng exchange visits. The states stadium complex, Board (SURPB) takes charge of erosion control, located in the capital, has five standard play fields. refuse collection, public latrines, drainage and roads and also beautifies the city.
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