SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTUREPost Comment SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE Nigeria
Education: The distribution of educational institutions is shown in Table 27.4 in which the proportion of the specific type of facility in the LGA is related to its proportion of population as the base magnitude to calibrate a location quotient for the LGA.
A location quotient that is less than unity (one) indicates that the LGA is not receiving its due share relative to the other LGAs. A location quotient of unity is the breakeven point which is its fare share, and a score that is more than unity on this measure indicates a concentration of the facility in the LGA at the expense of the other LGAs.Concentration of primary schools occurred in ObafemiOwode (2.1), followed by Odeda with 2.0, Ogun Waterside had 1.8 and ljebuEast LGA had 1.4 location quotients
All these four are rural LGAs and the possibility of vacant or halfempty class rooms cannot be ruled out. ljebu North with a loca tion quotient of 1.2 indicates a slight concentration while Egbado North just breaks even at 1.0.Abeokuta group of LGAs and Sagamu group with a location quotient of 0.6 each have inadequate primary school facilities. The analysis of the distribu tion of secondary schools in the state shows concentrations of the facilities in Ogun Waterside (1.6), followed by ljebuEast (1.3) and Sagamu LGA groups ,Odeda LGA breaks even while the remaining LGA groups show various levels of inadequacy in secondary school facilities.
Four LGA groups show concentration of tertiary educational facilities.These are ljebu North followed by Abeokuta LGA group ljebuOde group and Egbado South .Four other LGA groups had no tertiary educational facility (ljebuEast, ObafemiOwode, Odeda and Ogun Waterside) and these are the rural LGA groups. The remaining four LGA groups had inadequate tertiary educational facilities.
The analysis of the distribution of educational facilities in the state clearly shows a semblance of hierarchy with the availability of lower order goods (primary schools) everywhere and the higher order goods in a few central places in ljebu North, Abeokuta, ljebuOde and Egbado South groups of LGAs.The highest order goods (the fourteen tertiary institutions) are spread out into eight LGA groups rather than being in one primate city as pos tulated by the Central place theory of Christaller. The location of these facilities in diverse places and the siting of some LGA headquarters in small rural areas.
Health Care Delivery System: The distribution of medical facilities in the state is analysed as three groups of services. These are 303 hospitals including a University Teaching Hospital, maternity and dental centres; twentyeight dispensaries and comprehensive primary health centres and seventysix pharmaceutical/chemists shops. Location I quotient technique reveals a concentration of hospitals in six LGA groups Ogun Waterside , Odeda , ljebu East , Abeokuta, Ado Odo/Ota and ljebuOde LGA groups having location quotient each.
Egbado South group of LGA breaks even . The remaining five LGA i groups have inadequate hospital facilities, but none f is left out without some facilities . In other words, the hospitals, maternity and dental centres are found everywhere in the state. The location quotient of 0.5 for ljebuNorth LGA made it the least served, but this indicator has not revealed the fact that the only University Teaching Hospital in , the state in 1991 was located in this LGA.
The distribution of 218 dispensaries and comprehensive primary health centres, just like the maternity centres, included in the first group, shows that these facilities were present in every LGA in 1991. They provided the lowest order of medical services which became ubiquitous, but the location a quotients reveal a more rural orientation of the services .
Concentrations of these medical services are seen in ljebuEast LGA (2.2), Odeda and Ogun Waterside LGAs have a location quotient , of 2.1 each, followed by ObafemiOwode LGA . ljebu LGA group shows a slight concentration of location quotient while Egbado South group breaks if even.
The other groups of LGAs were under supplied with these services. Pharmaceutical and Chemists shops (seventy six) are shown to be highorder, urbanoriented medical services. Abeokuta group of LGAs had a r concentration of the facilities (2.3), followed by Sagamu group with a location quotient of Ado Odo/Ota and ljebuOde in that order. Rural LGA groups had zero level of these facilities or close to zero in 1991.
These are Ogun Waterside, Odeda, ObafemiOwode and lfo LGA il groups with zero level while Egbado North LGA if group had a location quotient of ljebuEast , ljebu North and Egbado South had inadequate levels of these medical facilities, but their general distribution indicates the gradual if development of these LGAs.
Water Supply: There are twentyone water schemes with capacity for 186.6 million litres of . potable water per day in Abeokuta group of LGAs, Odeda and ObafemiOwode LGAs. ljebuOde il group of LGAs, ljebuEast, ljebuNorth and Ogun Waterside LGAs had twentytwo water schemes State Survey of Ogun with capacity for 15.3 million litres of water per day.
Eleven water schemes designed to produce 15.3 million litres of water per day were for Sagamu group of LGAs and Odogbolu. Fifteen water schemes were for Egbado North and South LGAs (capacity of 11.9 million litres). AdoOdo/Ota and lfo groups of LGAs had nine schemes that could sup ply 10.2 million litres of water per day (Ministry of Information and culture. 1988)
Electricity Supply: Most parts of Ogun State, including rural LGA headquarters, have electricity supply from the National Electric Power Authority (NEPA). Six new 132/33KV substations have been located at Abeokuta, ljebuOde, Aiyetoro, lwopin, Ota and llaro in addition to other 33/11KV substa tions in different parts of the state to supplement the inefficiency of NEPA's operations. This is a critical element for the steady development of the state, as a solution of the nearcrisis unsteady supply prob lem will help promote the development of the state in the era
Transport and Communication: Ogun State has road, rail, pipeline and water transportation sys tems within the state, and between it and othei states within the nation and the West African subregion. The road networks are made up of federa (Trunk A), state (Trunk B) and local govemment roads.
The federal (Trunk A) roads are mainly inter state road connections between state capitals anc they serve as interurban roads linking importan urban centres within and outside the states. The Lagos lbadan Sagamu Benin expressways are examples.
One of such roads in the state, however passes through it to the border town of Idilroko the international boundary between Nigeria anc Benin Republic, hence the reference to Ogun as Gateway state. Trunk roads are mainly intrastate and the) link up local government headquarters, while loca government road networks are intralocal government ones including intraurban and the rail line passes through some six LGAs in the state.
These are AdoOdo/Ota, lfo, Ewekoro, Abeokuta North, Abeokuta South and Odeda LGAs. The LGAs are on the LagosAbeokutalbadan seg ment of the western railway. A branch rail line from Idogo passes through llaro, both in Egbado South LGA, to join the main line at lfo.
The main rail line in Ogun State is interstate and the benefits derived from it are the links provided for users between Ogun State and the other states, south and north of Ogun. Oil and gas pipelines from the producing areas, i.e. the oil refineries at Warri and Port Harcourt, pass through Ogun State, with an important depot at Sagamu, on their way to Lagos. This is important to the state by ensuring the supply of petroleum and allied products to the state.
The state has a hierarchy of postal facilities. It has five head post offices, fifteen departmental . offices, three subpost offices and one hundred and twentyeight lower order postal facilities. It also has post offices with mail and telex services. Postal services are in every settlement in the state includ ing the rural ones.
Courier services, provided by DHL, IMNL, UPS and others, are available in the state. Ogun State has important NITEL services in terms of telephone and fax services. The NITEL services are more urbanoriented but most of the I LGA headquarters have telephone connections.
These services have greatly facilitated intra and interstate communications. I Ogun state has ample electronic and print : media services. Ogun State Radio and Television Broadcasting Corporation (OGBC/OGTV) was established after the creation of the state in 1976.
This has implications on the dissemination of information from outofstate to the people and from the state to other states to enhance social, political and economic development of the state. The print media are also very important in the state. The Daily Sketch and Weekend Sketch, National daily newspapers jointly owned by Ogun, Oyo, Osun, Ondo and Ekiti states. All major national newspapers circulate in the state.
These increase the political awareness of the people,encourage their participation in decisionmaking, especially at the local level, with implications for the development of leadership qualities, social infra structure as well as political and economic growth.
Judicial Administration: Ogun State has some thirtyeight customary courts that are spread to all LGA groups in the state to bring the adminis tration of justice nearer to the people. There are about twelve High/Chief/Senior Magistrate Courts at a higherorder level of judicial service. These are located, two each, in six LGA groups, namely, Abeokuta, AdoOdo/Ota, Egbado South, ljebu North, ljebuOde and Sagamu.
Tourism and Recreation: Ogun State has both natural and cultural features of antiquity which could be of interest to tourists and for recreational purposes. The natural features include inselbergs, beaches, valleys, highlands, waterfalls and vegeta tion. Cultural features include shrines, tombs, arti facts, sculpture, costume and others.
Tourist attractions in the state include Olumo Rock, a huge rock outcrop that served as a place of refuge for the early settlers, and Abeokuta, the cap ital city of the state, which derived its name from its natural location (under the rock); Ebute Oni Beach in Ogun Waterside LGA with its beautiful scenery; Temoji Centre a natural swimming pool on the river of this name near ljebuOde.
The cultural features include Suna Cultural Hall not far from ljebuOde which contains archaeological findings; Birikisu Sungbo Shrine at OkeEri village near ljebuOde (i.e., Queen of Sheba); and Orisagamu Water Pot near Sagamu. Other cultural features are traditional arts and handicrafts such as pottery at OkeEri; cloth weaving and dyeing at Abeokuta, mat weaving at Omu near ljebuOde; carving, sculpture and smithery amongst others.
The tombs of Chief Obafemi Awolowo (19091985) at Ikenne, Pastor S.B.J. Oschoffa (19091985) at Celestial City, lmeko and Madam Tinubu at Abeokuta are other points of tourist interest. Major traditional festivals which could attract tourists include lgunuko celebra tions at lfoNIa village in lfo LGA; Agemo festival at ljebuOde; Boat Regatta at lwopin; Ojude Oba festival at ljebuOde and Tabborah day in Remo North LGA. Sports facilities are provided to encourage sporting events in the state.
There are two sports stadia at Abeokuta, one at ljebuOde and one at Sagamu. Facilities for sports are also provided in the educational institutions in the state. There are about 174 registered hotels and guest houses in at least fifteen LGAs in the state. lfo, ObafemiOwode and Ogun Waterside LGAs have none while Odeda LGA has one hotel/guest house.
The remaining 173 hotels/guest houses are located in the remaining LGAs with the highest number of fortyseven in Abeokuta group of LGAs followed by fortyseven in Sagamu LGA group, twentyeight in AdoOdo/Ota, twentyone in ljebu Ode, fifteen in Egbado South and eight in ljebu North groups of LGAs. All these provide the needed infrastructure not not only for virile tourism develop ment in the state, but also for business people and foreign investors.
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