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MONDAY QUARTER-BACKING: The 2006 Education Budget for Nigeria - A Forensic Investigation

Posted by Mobolaji E. Aluko, PhD on 2006/10/10 | Views: 383 |

MONDAY QUARTER-BACKING: The 2006 Education Budget for Nigeria - A Forensic Investigation


Currently, a crisis is brewing between the Education Ministry in Nigeria and the Nigerian Labour Congress over moves to "privatize" the 102 federal government colleges, aka Unity Secondary Schools, in the country.



INTRODUCTION



Currently, a crisis is brewing between the Education Ministry in Nigeria and the Nigerian Labour Congress over moves to "privatize" the 102 federal government colleges, aka Unity Secondary Schools, in the country. The controversy has led to the possibility of all staff of such schools going on indefinite strike [see attached news item] to protest the development. In an announcement by Education Minister Oby Ezekwesili, she disclosed that while only 120,718 students and 27,200 staff are in the 102 federal Unity Schools out of a total national population of 6.4 million secondary school students and about 300 secondary schools - a whopping 78 per cent of Federal Government's budgetary allocation to the ministry goes into the Unity Schools.


 



If that were the case, then in fact, there is a serious disequilibrium in financial resource allocation with respect to these unity schools which must be looked into and corrected immediately. As a result, a new public-private partnership might indeed ameliorate the situation.



But what is the true situation?



I went looking at the 2006 budget to answer that question.




THE 2006 BUDGET AND EDUCATION




For those who have the patience, the full 1190 page-budget will be found in:



http://www.budgetoffice.gov.ng/pub/020.pdf



whose publication on the Internet for any one who cares to read it must be regarded as one of the dividends of transparent democracy, a legacy left behind by former Finance Minister Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala.



The summary Appropriation bill approved by the National Assembly in February 2006 will be found in:



http://www.budgetoffice.gov.ng/pub/appbill2006.pdf



However, Table 1 below is a re-formatted version of this NASS document for easier reference.



More specifically, the Education Budget section of the 2006 budget will be found in:



http://www.budgetoffice.gov.ng/pub/education.pdf



which again has been summarized in Table 2 below.




SO WHAT ARE THE TRUE FIGURES ?



Table 1 shows a total 2006 budget of N1.9 trillion, out of which the Education sector is N166.6 billion or 8.77%. This is far below the recommended 26% UNESCO international target, an issue which the Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU) has been plaintively asking to be corrected for years now, and which continues to be a sore point between it and successive Nigerian governments. Thus, in fact, on a macroscopic scale, the Minister of Education should actually be loudly demanding for a doubling to tripling of the education budget.



Next, Table 2 shows that of that N166.6 billion for Education, payroll takes a whopping 69.5%, with capital projects taking only 22.4% and overhead rounding out the rest. The Table however shows that Unity Schools take up only about 11% of the total Education budget., with its own payroll (53.6%) and Overhead (27.9%) both taking up a Recurrent total of 81.5%, with the Capital project being about 18.5%..



It is ONLY this recurrent total of the Education budget that comes ANYWHERE close to the 78% mentioned by the Minister of Education, an observation that needs to be quickly clarified. One hopes that she has not been misinformed in her new position as Education minister.




WHITHER THE UNITY SCHOOLS?



The above disclosures must be looked at separately from the desirability of the federal government to give up all of these Unity Schools onto new administration. Granted that the historical mission of the unity secondary schools has been to provide an early educational forum in country where young minds can interact with those from other parts of the country, as well as to provide models of excellence to other secondary schools, one questions whether it is ONLY the federal government that can ensure those desirable outcomes. After all, secondary education is really a remit of states in our 1999 Constitution rather than the federal government, and states too understand why unity schools are important.



Thus, rather than give the unity schools up to PRIVATE persons to manage or to own outright, one believes that the right of first refusal should be given to STATE GOVERNMENTS, since the 102 schools mean on average about 3 schools per state. This additional number of new schools under state administration will therefore not be an unusual burden to the states, particularly if a significant take-off fund is provided to the states by the federal government.



Finally, while we are discussing a change in management of unity schools, we might as well discuss reversal of management of mission and other private schools that were taken over in the fever of over-centralization of the late 1970s and 80s. As many as possible of those too should be handed back to their former owners by state governments as has been done by Lagos State and more recently Rivers State - with possibly five-year transition agreements worked out so that staff salaries and pensions as well as the inevitable increase in students' fees will not lead to deleterious effect on the various stakeholders.






NEWS ITEM: FROM "THE NATION" NEWSPAPER














Privatisation: Unity Schools' teachers begin strike today


9/10/2006





By Dupe Olaoye-Osinkolu and Kofoworola Belo-Osagie


Academic activities will from today be paralysed in Federal Government's Unity Schools, This is Labour's reaction to the proposed privatisation of the colleges.


The Minister of Education Dr Obiageli Ezekwesili said the privatisation move is to free the schools from total collapse as "many of them (schools) lack basic infrastructure and have become sorry sight in the landscape of secondary education."


She also disclosed that 78 per cent of Federal Government's budgetary allocation to the ministry goes into the Unity Schools which have a total student population of 120,718.


Not only that, Dr Ezekwesili said: "Our greatest concern, however, is the fact that the ministry spends an inordinate amount of time and resources on these schools that constitute only 30 per cent of the secondary schools in the country. out of 6.4 million scondary school students, only 120,718 are in the 102 Unity Schools."


Labour said many teachers and non-teaching staff would lose their jobs in the process of privatisation.


The Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC) President, Adams Oshiomhole described the planned privatisation as "perhaps the most retrogressive step ever taken in the history of education administration in Nigeria ."


The NLC President believes that the attempt to privatise the schools was targeted at the poor and the middle-class.


"In the past, Unity Schools have enabled many gifted children of the poor to break out of the poverty cycle through quality and affordable public education.


The privatisation of the schools was an escapist, simplistic, anti-poor and reactionary measure in the face of the problem that required bold steps," he said.


Oshiomhole also warned the Minister to drop the idea of privatisation otherwise labour will mobilise Nigerians against the auctioning.


"We wish to warn the Minister and those invisible forces outside driving this policy that we will mobilise progressive and patriotic Nigerians, parents, teachers, the poor, middle-class and indeed all Nigerians, against the auctioning of these schools," he said.


The Minister, in response to Ohsiomhole's act burst had said the Unity Schools have already been privatised by poor management and the inefficiency of some people.


"We are proposing public/private partnership management to restore the efficiency that is lacking in the schools.


"Mounting propaganda against the proposal would not out of 27,200 staff of the Ministry of Education are employed in 102 Unity schools is a disservice to the country," she said


The Secretary-General of the Association of Senior Civil Servants of Nigeria (ASCSN) Comrade Solomon Onaghinan last week appealed to Nigerians to rise against the proposed privatisation.


"We are calling all well meaning Nigerians to rise up and stop their action. From Monday October 9 (today), there will be no more lectures in all the Unity Schools nationwide.


We are giving parents long notice in order for children until the matter is fully resolved.


"A week after (today), there will be no more services in the schools, there will be no service whatsoever. All the schools will be closed, so as to give everybody the opportunity to assess what is on ground. We have not seen any rationale behind what is being done by the minister. She can tell the parents what she means by wanting to privatise the schools."


One of the parents whose children are at the Federal Government College , Ijanikin and who simply introduced himself as Mr Akinola, told The Nation that " this government does not want the children of the poor to be educated. They want our children to serve their (the rich) own children in future."


"Anybody can come to Ijanikin and see the state of the FGC there. The Parents/Teachers Association (PTA) is doing its best in that school, so I don't know what the minister is talking about.


"All I know is they should think about God and stop oppressing the masses," he said .


Meanwhile, parents are set to withdraw their children from the schools because of the strike that begins today.


Meanwhile, the Secretary General of the Association of Senior Civil Servants of Nigeria, Mr Solomon Olaghinon, told The Nation on phone that the strike would likely continue until the issue is resolved.


He faulted claims by the Federal Government that allocations given to the schools are misappropriated, adding that for the past 15 years funds have not been given to the colleges for development projects.


"All the things the government is saying they are wrong. For the past 15 years has the government given out money for contracts? They would allocate money but it would not get to the schools. Where do they want us to get money to develop the schools? Is it from our salaries? Let the government tell us which principal, director or minister carried away the money they allocated to unity schools," he said.


For the next one week, Mr Olaghinon says teachers would keep away from the classrooms. He also confirmed that the association would likely organise rallies along the line.


Dr Ezekwesili had in a parley with the media held in Lagos recently, debunked claims of the privatisation of unity colleges.


Rather, she explained that the Federal Government was only going to franchise the brand to capable private managers but would still monitor everything that goes on in the colleges.









_____________________________________________________________________________





TABLE 1: NIGERIA 'S APPROPRIATION BILL 2006

(All Amounts Are in Naira Currency)



For an earlier version of this Bill, see also:



http://www.nigerianmuse.net/important_documents/Nigeria_Appropriation_bill_2006.htm




SUMMARY























Schedule


Amount (in Naira currency)


Schedule Part A - Statutory Transfers


91,610,000,000


Schedule Part B - Debt Service


289,500,000,000


Schedule Part C - Recurrent (Non-Debt Expenditure


961,108,775,596


Schedule Part D - Capital Expenditure


539,233,587,755


Grand Total


1,881,452,363,351




SCHEDULE


PART A - STATUTORY TRANSFERS




















TRANSFEREE


2006 APPROPRIATION


National Judicial Council


35,000,000,000


Niger Delta Development Commission


26,130,000,000


Universal Basic Education Commission


30,480,000,000


Total - Statutory Transfers


91,610,000,000




SCHEDULE


PART B - DEBT SERVICE

















NATURE OF DEBT


2006 APPROPRIATION


Domestic Debts


220,000,000,000


Foreign Debts


69,500,000,000


Total Debt Service


289,500,000,000




SCHEDULE


PART C - RECURRENT (NON-DEBT) EXPENDITURE




































































































































































































































































MINISTRY/DEPARTMENT/AGENCY


2006 APPROPRIATION




The Executive


-




Presidency


36,872,832,040


Intergovernmental Affairs , Special Duties and Youth Development


17,019,000,000


Police Affairs


1,552,000,000


Police Formation & Command


80,648,000,000


Women Affairs


1,231,143,160


Agriculture & Rural Development


15,415,828,655


Office of the Auditor-General of the Federation


1,897,594,082


Independent Corrupt Practices and Other Related Offences Comm.


784,739,498


Water Resources


4,484,529,763


Defence/MOD/Army/Air Force/Navy


85,752,943,575


Education


129,232,212,676


Federal Capital Territory


0


Foreign Affairs


25,373,344,499


Finance


5,000,076,329


Health


67,777,199,998


Industry


2,596,613,054


Information and National Orientation


12,805,674,999


Internal Affairs


33,262,579,038


Office of the Head of Service of the Federation


2,987,678,379


Justice


5,023,610,691


Labour and Productivity


4,391,828,889


Power and Steel


3,382,764,019


Science and Technology


6,262,921,919


Sports and Social Development


3,573,325,483


Public Complaints Commission


922,150,000


Commerce


2,345,070,697


Ministry of Transport


3,549,948,963


Petroleum Resources


14,922,000,001


Works


18,281,685,246


Communication


4,584,013,432


Housing & Urban Development


5,163,500,001


Solid Minerals Development


2,765,701,297


Aviation


1,608,500,000


National Salaries and Wages Commission


161,686,183


Environment


3,313,286,129


Co-operation and Integration in Africa


618,500,000


Culture and Tourism


4,450,000,000


Office of the National Security Adviser


12,316,686,404


TOTAL - EXECUTIVE


622,331,169,099






FEDERAL EXECUTIVE BODIES


-






Police Service Commission


317,000,000


National Population Commission


3,211,555,260


Federal Civil Service Commission


644,750,000


Independent National Electoral Commission


12,170,509,272


Federal Character Commission


824,896,250


Revenue Mobilisation Fiscal & Allocation Commission


750,000,000


Code of Conduct Bureau


617,421,344




TOTAL - FEDERAL EXECUTIVE BODIES


18,536,132,126




THE LEGISLATURE (NATIONAL ASSEMBLY)


-


National Assembly Office


4,805,817,937


Senate


14,719,767,267


House of Representatives


21,692,062,193


National Assembly Service Commission


404,517,612


Senate Public Accounts Committee Secretariat


75,000,000


House Public Accounts Committee Secretariat


75,000,000


General Services


4,268,685,988


Legislative Aides


3,489,892,586


TOTAL - NATIONAL ASSEMBLY


49,530,743,583




CONSOLIDATED REVENUE FUND CHARGES-GENERAL


-


Pension - Pay As You Go


82,900,000,000


Life insurance for public servants


3,100,000,000


Transfer to the Redemption Fund


15,000,000,000


Arrears of 2005 Pension - Pay As You Go


16,900,000,000



0


SERVICE - WIDE VOTES


0


Petroleum Support Fund


75,000,000,000


Public Service Reform


43,123,000,000


Public Service Wage Adjustment (including 2006 Promotions)


10,000,000,000


Margin for Increased Costs


2,000,000,000


Contributions to International Organisations


6,000,000,000


2003 Arrears of Monetisation - Balance


1,400,000,000


Contingency


4,500,000,000


TOTAL OTHER RECURRENT (NON DEBT)


259,923,000,000


TOTAL RECURRENT (NON DEBT)


950,321,044,808




SCHEDULE


PART D - CAPITAL EXPENDITURE





























































































































































































































MINISTRY/DEPARTMENT/AGENCY


2006 APPROPRIATION




The Executive


-


Presidency


18,057,233,523


Intergovernmental Affairs , Special Duties and Youth Development


1,221,000,000


Police Affairs


0


Police Formation & Command


5,335,000,000


Women Affairs


1,268,856,840


Agriculture & Rural Development


15,397,562,345


Office of the Auditor-General of the Federation


402,405,918


Independent Corrupt Practices and Other Related Offences Commissions


315,260,502


Water Resources


75,761,000,940


Defence/MOD/Army/Air Force/Navy


15,699,001,188


Education


37,389,441,082


Federal Capital Territory


53,400,000,000


Foreign Affairs


6,126,873,766


Finance


3,018,676,534


Health


39,162,800,002


Industry


407,300,000


Information and National Orientation


2,144,325,001


Internal Affairs


8,487,420,962


Office of the Head of Service of the Federation


3,020,966,261


Justice


808,107,122


Labour and Productivity


796,114,135


Power and Steel


74,710,240,083


Science and Technology


7,187,078,084


Sports and Social Development


1,726,674,517


Public Complaints Commission


77,850,000


Commerce


1,929,929,303


Ministry of Transport


2,177,096,941


Petroleum Resources


1,078,000,000


Works


72,793,314,755


Communication


2,415,986,568


Housing & Urban Development


2,831,499,999


Solid Minerals Development


4,544,358,091


Aviation


3,641,500,000


National Salaries and Wages Commission


38,313,817


Environment


2,742,061,049


Co-operation and Integration in Africa


481,500,000


Culture and Tourism


4,050,000,000


Office of the National Security Adviser


3,183,313,596


TOTAL - EXECUTIVE


473,828,062,924




FEDERAL EXECUTIVE BODIES


-


Police Service Commission


18,000,000


National Population Commission


6,788,444,740


Federal Civil Service Commission


55,250,000


Independent National Electoral Commission


42,329,490,728


Federal Character Commission


175,103,750


Revenue Mobilisation Fiscal & Allocation Commission


350,000,000


Code of Conduct Bureau


257,578,656


TOTAL - FEDERAL EXECUTIVE BODIES


49,973,867,874




THE LEGISLATURE (NATIONAL ASSEMBLY)


-


National Assembly Office


1,776,520,353


Senate


1,288,375,509


House of Representatives


2,110,051,000


National Assembly Service Commission


80,000,000


TOTAL - NATIONAL ASSEMBLY


5,254,946,862




CAPITAL SUPPLEMENTATION


-


Payment to Local Contractors


25,000,000,000


Counterpart Funding


2,000,000,000


Adjustments to Capital Costs


1,000,000,000


Recapitalisation of Development Banks



Nigerian Agricultural & Cooperative Bank Limited


3,500,000,000


Bank of Industry Limited


3,500,000,000


Federal Mortgage Bank of Nigeria Limited


3,500,000,000


Millennium Development Goals - Monitoring and Evaluation


1,000,000,000


TOTAL - CAPITAL SUPPLEMENTATION


39,500,000,000


TOTAL - CAPITAL EXPENDITURE


568,556,877,659


GRAND TOTAL


1,899,987,922,467



Signed by the Senate and House February 16, 2006


Assented to by the President February 21, 2006



Re-compiled from the PDF version by NigerianMuse.com







TABLE 2: Education Budget 2006 (In Naira)


Source: http://www.budgetoffice.gov.ng/pub/education.pdf





















































































































Payroll


Overhead


Capital


Total


Percentage


MAIN MINISTRY


2,200,171,738


495,142,011.9


4,910,666,084


7,605,979,833.9


4.56%


OTHER PARASTATALS


6,021,121,007


2,270,546,162


8,139,985,900


16,431,653,069


9.86%


UNIVERSITIES


68,955,116,361


2,735,237,916


7,080,757,723


78,771,112,000


47.28%


COLLEGES OF EDUCATION


10,278,966,116


1,117,728,354


4,974,433,523


16,371,127,993


9.83%


POLYTECHNICS


18,375,638,799


1,454,423,067


2,121,000,019


21,951,061,885


13.17%


UNITY SCHOOLS


9,749,658,463


5,071,225,757


3,367,771,783


18,188,656,003


10.92%


UNESCO


159,827,511.9


282,409,413


45,411,300


487,648,224.9


0.29%


UBE PROGRAMS


0


0


6,749,414,750


6,749,414,750


4.05%


CPRCN


36,999,999.9


28,000,000


0


64,999,999.9


0.04%


Total


115,777,499,995.8


13,454,712,680.9


37,389,441,082


166,621,653,758.7


100.00%


Percentage


69.49%


8.08%


22.43%


100.00%


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Comments (6)

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Joel Efiong(Calabar, Nigeria)says...

This is a great piece. The examination bodies should hire you as ICT consultant.

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Sunday Mbe(Kaduna, Kaduna, Nigeria)says...

ULIMASI means' GOD,THANK YOU' not THANK GOD.

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Sunday Mbe(Kaduna, Kaduna, Nigeria)says...

The name ULIMASI is from the UTUGWANG tribe in OBUDU local government area of CROSS RIVER STATE in Nigeria.

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Okfold(Sobe, Edo, Nigeria)says...

I want the meaning of female owan name Ekeke (Edo state)

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Toluwalase Samuel Olufemi(Ijebu, Ogun, Nigeria)says...

Authority belongs to God, once He decrees it is final and binding