The highest law-making body of the Federation is the National Assembly. The
Assembly is made up of an upper House known as the Senate and a lower house
known as the House of Representatives.
The Senate, is headed by a Senate President, who is supported by a Deputy
Senate President. It consists of three members from each State of the Federation
and one member from the Federal Capital Territory. Thus, the Senate has a total
of 109 members. The House of Representatives is presided over by the Speaker
of the House supported by a Deputy Speaker
The National Assembly has responsibility for
making laws for the good governance of the
Federation. Each of the Houses of the Assembly is
made up of several specialised Committees whose
work focus on aspects of national life. All members
of the Assembly, in accordance with the
Constitution, are required to sit for a minimum of 181 days in a year.
The Power of the National Assembly to make
laws is exercised through bills passed by both the
Senate and the House of Representatives, and
assented to by the President. A bill may originate
from either house of the Assembly but cannot
become law until it has been passed by both
Houses and assented to by the President.
When a bill from the Assembly is presented to the President for his assent,
the Constitution stipulates that the President shall, within 30 days thereafter,
signify that his assents or withholds assent. And if the President withholds
his assent and the bill is again . passed by two-thirds majority in each House,
such a bill becomes law, requiring no further presidential assent.