SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTUREPost Comment SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE Nigeria
Educational Facilities: Primary schools and enrolments in them are largest at llorin, relative to other urban settlements, llorin also houses the only University (Federal) in the state, the only Polytechnic and one of the three existing Colleges of Education, the other two being at Oro and Lafiagi.
There are numerous nursery schools in llorin. On the whole, the state has over 1,200 pri mary schools which enrol over a third of a million pupils, while enrolments in its more than 262 post primary institutions total about 133,000 students (Tables 23.4 and 23.5). Again, about 25,000 stu dents are enrolled in both the State Polytechnic and the three Colleges of Education. Moreover, in recent times, enrolment in the university of llorin has gone beyond 15,000 students. The main high er institutions are shown in Appendix VII.
Health Facilities: About a third of all public and private medical institutions in the state is locat ed at llorin. These include hospitals, nursing homes and two leprosy hospitals. The University Teaching Hospital and the Sobi Specialist Hospital, both at llorin, provide specialist health care services.
There are also rural health centres in all the local government areas. Shortage of medical per sonnel is a major problem, especially in govern ment hospitals that are located outside the state capital. The state has about 475 medical institu tions, 2,400 hospital beds and some 220 medical personnel (Tables 23.6 and 23.7).
Water Supply: The Kwara State Water Board is responsible for water supply to homes and facto ries in llorin town. Most local government head quarters have pipeborne water supply, but water supply is erratic due to frequent pump breakdowns. Many boreholes have been drilled in rural areas, where the problem of water shortage is most acute. The majority of rural people and even urban dwellers still rely on streams and wells for their water needs.
Transport And Communications: In order to further strengthen the transportation network in Kwara State and link up the urban centres with each other and with rural areas, the state has decid ed to improve the transport sector by introducing the a Mass Transit system to complement the dwin dling efforts of private transporters who, in the face of hardship created by the introduction of the Structural Adjustment Programme(SAP) by the Federal Government, have found it very difficult to maintain and replace their vehicles.
Also, government has not relented in its efforts at building and rehabilitating both urban and rural roads from time to time, and these efforts have been greatly com plemented by those of individual communities. Generally, the state has good interstate and intra state transport networks. Improved modern and dependable communica tion services are vital for successful socioeconom ic development.
Thus, newspapers, other elements of the mass media, as well as postal and telephone services are important. The State has its own daily newspaper (The Herald), a radio station, two television stations and post offices and postal agencies in several towns. Telephones are also available in the major towns, especially llorin and Offa. These facilities go a long way in promoting business trans actions, and general public enlightenment.
Tourism And Recreation: Another area of resource development concern in Kwara State is tourism. Believing that, as elsewhere all over the world, tourism development can easily become a revenuegenerating venture, Kwara State has given full attention to such developments.
The major tourist attractions in the State at present are the Patigi Regatta, the Owu Falls at OwaKajola which has recently benefited from the construction of an access road and aggressive publicity; and the Esie Museum which houses ancient stone images. Other tourist attractions include the Moremi Festival at Offa, the Awon Mass Wedding Festival at Shao (Moro LGA) and the Epa Festival at Obbo Aiyegunie (Ekiti LGA).
The tourism project is under the management of the Kwara State Tourism Board, which was founded in 1988, except the Esie Museum which is managed by the Federal Government Antiquities Commission. Recreation facilities are concentrated only in the urban centres and these include hotels and bars, clubhouses, cultural centres, amusement parks, stadia and other sports grounds, et cetera. Again, in Kwara State, most of these are concen trated in llorin. In fact, the first baseball stadium in tropical Africa is located at Adewole Area in llorin town.
The town also has a welldeveloped multi purpose ministadium along lbrahim Taiwo road and several hotels of international standard, among which are Kwara Hotels, Satellite Hotels, Circular Hotels, etc. Outside llorin, however, only Offa and OrnuAran have good hotels, clubhouses and parks (Appendices II and III).
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