SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTUREPost Comment SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE Nigeria
Education: Kebbi State has a long history of Educational pursuit dating back to the post jihad years, when the area came under the influence of the Sokoto Caliphate, during which it witnessed the development of Islamic education. At present there are a number of informal Islamic and Quranic schools all over the state.
As at 1998, the state had a total of 999 primary schools with a total enrolment of 316,669 pupils made up of 213,286 males and 103,383 females. Some 973 of these schools are owned by the state with only twentysix in private hands. There are about 7,280 teachers (5,750 males and 1,530 female).
These figures imply that the teachers/pupil ratio tor Kebbi State as at 1998 is 1:50. There are fiftynine secondary and teacher training schools in Kebbi State with a total enrolment of 63,748 males and 15,897 females served by only 1,293 teachers thus implying a teacher/student ratio of 1:49. To cater for the disabled, a school for the handicapped has been established in irnin Kebbi.
Health: Shows the types of health institutions in the state. There are twelve designat for the handicapped has been established in Birnin ed general hospitals located in the first generation Kebbi.local government areas that were created in 1991, Kebbi State has four postprimary institutions: one specialist hospital in Birnin Kebbi and twenty Kebbi State Polytechnic (Birnin Kebbi), School of private clinics, most of which are in Birnin Kebbi Preliminary Studies (Yauri), College of Health town. And to meet the needs of the teaming rural Technology (Jega) and College of Agriculture population, there are eleven health clinics and 352 (Zuru).
These are aimed at training intermediate dispensaries in all the local government areas put manpower for absorption in the state and local gov together. ernment civil service and to prepare candidates for One disturbing aspect of what Tables 21.3 and admission into universities. 21.4 reveal is the small number of hospital beds There is a Board of Science and Technical and medical doctors. In all these institutions put Education with an Executive Secretary.
The Board together, there is a total of only 2,032 hospital beds has a slightly favourable scheme for teachers in for a population of 2.8 million, thus implying a ratio these schools which are fairly well funded to meet of one bed per 1,230 population: and, with only thir both student and staff needs in areas of facilities ty medical doctors and 524 nurses and midwives, and salaries, respectively. Under the Board, there Kebbi State has a medical doctor to population ratio are opportunities to recruit staff from within and out of 1:94,000. side Nigeria.
Water Supply: The state government has embarked on several water supply projects so as to provide portable water to the people. The state's water schemes presently stand at 129 projects made up of four urban water supply schemes, thir teen semiurban, 106 rural and six border town schemes. These schemes utilize both surface and underground water sources.
Power Supply: The National Electric Power Authority (NEPA) is the main supplier of power to the state. This is followed by the State Rural Electricity Board (REB) that uses dieseldriven generators to supply electricity at specified hours in a day.
Furthermore, the state government, in an attempt to harness the abundant sunshine, has installed solar power generators to generate elec tricity in a few model settlements. At present, only seven towns, namely Argungu, Birnin Kebbi, Yauri, Zuru, Jega, Koko, Kamba, are connected to the national grid while the other local government head quarters are served by the REB. Kerosine and fuel wood are the major fuel used for cooking in both rural and urban areas.
Plans are under way to link all LGA headquarters to the national grid by the end of the year 2000. This, however, will not consider ably reduce the demand on kerosine and fuelwood as a substantial proportion of the population live outside the LGA headquarters. The distribution of electricity to consumers in the state shows that as at 1998, there were 12,668 NEPA consumers as against 4,167 for REB.
The tour emirate headquar ters (Birnin Kebbi, Argungu, Yauri and Zuru) have the highest numbers. There are plans in future to provide a number of settlements with electricity using solar power. The government is working closely with the Kebbi State Polytechnic and the Solar Energy Research Centre at the Usman Dan Fodiyo University, Sokoto, in this direction.
Housing: Kebbi State has an acute problem of both office and residential accommodation. At the inception of the state, most civil servants commut ed from Sokoto, Jega, Argungu, Kalgo, Bunza and Gwandu on daily or weekly basis because of lack of residential quarters in the state capital.
The state government has, over the years, acquired the 200 units of onebedroom federal housing estate popu larly known as "Shagari Quarters," and built 110 housing units at Gwandangwaji. There are plans, through the Abuja Building Society, NICON, Federal Mortgage Bank and the Home Savings Scheme to build more residential houses and encourage individuals to own their houses.
In respect to office accommodation, the Federal government has assisted with the construction of a state secretariat and a House of Assembly. Many federal departments and parastatals have either rented or are in the process of building their office accommodation.
Transport: Road and water remain the only means of transportation in the state since there are no rail and air links, save for an airstrip at Zauro that can accommodate light aircraft. Roads generally account for ninetytour percent of all movements, while water accounts for only six per cent.
Road Transport: The state is served with a network of roads which includes federal, state and local government roads, designated federal trunk A and B, state trunk B and rural feeder roads. The federal trunk A roads which are asphalted include MalisaJegaKokoYauri highway, while the trunk B include the Argungu-Bimin ,Kebbi-Bunza-Kamba, Bunza-Dakingari-Bagudo-Koko and the Argungu- Kangiwa-Kamba roads.
In all, there are about 1,033km of federal roads in the state, while state roads stand at about 822km. An important aspect of road transport development in the state is the con struction of a bridge over the Niger at Tuga in Bagudo local government area thus linking the state to other parts of the country.
Water Transport: Although not fully devel oped, this is an important means of transport in the state. The River Niger is navigable tor a distance of about 248km from Dole Kaina/Lolo down to the northern portion of Kainji Lake at Warra. Small boats and canoes ply the river, carrying goods and people. Ferry services are also provided at Yauri and Dolekaina/Lolo.
Communication: NITEL offers telephone serv ices to Bimin Kebbi, Argungu, Jega, Yauri and Zuru and also fax, telex and telegram services to the state. In addition, NIPOST has ten post offices located at BirninKebbi, Argungu, Yauri, Zuru, Kamba, Koko, Jega, Bunza Bagudo and Dakingari. There is one postal agency at Zuru and EMS offices in all the local government headquarters.
Tourism and Recreation: Kebbi State is endowed with abundant tourism potentials offered by its physical environment and people (Kebbi, 1995). These include historical relics, contemporary arts and craft, and cultural heritage in the form ) festivals. Among the historical sites are the Hubbare (tomb) of Abdullahi Fodio at Gwandu, the Alwasa battle field at Argungu where fierce battles were fought between the Fulani Jihadists and Kabawa warriors and the Girmace shrine at Zuru.
Others include the Karishin settlement in Sakaba and the moving rock at Akinkiya in Ngaski. In the area of cultural festivals, there is the famous Argungu International Fishing and Cultura' Festival, as well as the Uhola: a Dakarkari cultura event staged yearly at Zuru to mark the harvesi season.
There is the boat Regatta Festival at Yauri. Other tourist attractions include Kanta Museum, Argungu and other museums located at Zuru, Yaur and Gwandu where works of art and crafts depict In the area of recreation, the state has a num ber of facilities.
There are parks and gardens in each local government headquarters, as well as cinema houses and video centres at Yelwa, Birnin ". Kebbi, Argungu, Zuru, Jega and Koko. The state has a television station. There are also television , viewing centres and township stadia in the four emirate headquarters. The River Niger is also another source of recreation for fishing and cruising throughout the year.
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