SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE

Posted by on 1/30/2003 1:30:14 PM
Post Comment SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE Nigeria

Education: The entire educational system is male biased (Table 19.3). Out of the 247 second es ary schools, only sixty (24 percent) are female schools, two are coeducational while the rest are boys' schools. As regards enrolment, the female ial proportion at the primary level of thirtynine percent dropped to twentyfour percent at the regular Secondary level and to a low of fifteen percent in for the more specialised area of sciencetechnical its vocational schools.

The place of Islam in the life of people may be equally judged from the emphasis :ts given to Islamic education. In realisation of the nar of rowness of Qur'anic schools curriculum, there now its exist 150 government registered Islamiya schools m in urban Kano alone, twothirds of which were he established in the last two decades. With 162,698 l pupil enrolment (56.6 per cent female and 43.4 per ay cent male) there are 1,480 teachers (79.4 per cent ng male and 19.6 per cent female). Curriculum in iat Islamiva schools cover Arabic.

Islamic education (major) and other subjects as preparation in west ern education to qualify their graduates for admis sion into secondary and later tertiary institutions. The educational system in the state was for cen turies based on Qur'anic studies. A large proportion of the population is therefore literate in Arabic.

At the tertiary level, the State's Polytechnic has five schools (School of Technology, Kano; School of Management, Kano; Audu Bako School of Agriculture, Dambatta; Aminu Kano School of Islamic and Legal Studies, Kano and School of Social Development, Kano). There are three Colleges of Education (two federal and one state), one university, seven staterun health personnel training institutions and a Federal School of Physiotherapy affiliated to Bayero University, Kano (Appendix III). There are four military and paramilitary institutions: a Flying Training school (Nigerian Air Force) Nigerian Police Academy. Wudil, Customs Training School, Kano and Immigration Training School, Kano.

The state's Agency for Mass Education (AME), the first in the country and twice winner of UNESCO International Literacy Award, runs a diversified pro gramme. The programmes in basic literacy are jointly organised by AME, local governments and voluntary organisations. Programmes have cov ered nomadic education, disabled education, work ers education, Kor'anic functional literacy; women functional literacy; post literacy general education; women post literacy education; male vocational training; senior school certificate; remedial classes; news reporting/photography, and female skill acqui sition.

Health Facilities: In spatial terms, there is a very high concentration of health infrastructure and services in Kano metropolis compared to the rest of the state (Table 19.4). This is evident not only from government facilities (43 per cent of hospitals and 55 per cent of beds) but private facilities also (91 per cent of 188 facilities are in Kano Metropolis). Primary health clinics and centres, dis oensaries and leorosv clinics are more widelv distributed.

Higher order health facilities are owned by federal and state governments, Christian and Islamic missions and private proprietors. The local governments provide very low order services. As would be expected, the spatial distribution of the medical personnel is extremely skewed in favour of Kano metropolis, following the pattern of health infrastructural facilities. One area of health problem is the incidence of VesicoVaginal Fistula (VVF) which is prevalent among young mothers with poor background.

There has been a collabo rative effort by nongovernmental organisations (NGOs) and the state government towards provid ing remedies. Initially, there were two centres: Kwalli VVF Hostel for rehabilitation and the VVF Ward at the Murtala Muhammed Specialist hospital. Recently, a whole hospital was established to cater for the patients (Adamu, 1995).

Transport and Communication: Kano was first opened to the outside world by the trans Saharan trade with North Africa employing regular camel caravans. The occupation by the British in 1904 changed the direction of trade and communi cation. Kano became accessible by road in 1906, by rail in 1911 and by air in the late 1940s.

There are direct road transport services to several state capitals and Abuja and to all Local Government headquarters in the state. Kano is a major railway terminus. It has an extension to Nguru. Kano has been a gateway to Nigeria by air from Europe and the Middle East. But this status is being threatened by Abuja, the nation's capital, wh.ich is drawing international flights from other ports.

On the domestic route, there are direct and connecting flights to several Nigerian cities. In urban Kano, while over 200 parks and stops were found to exist, only forty had official recogni tion. The fewness of this explains why taxis and buses stop for passengers anywhere along the routes.

As regards postal and telecommunication infra structure in the state, there are twentythree post offices and ten postal agencies. With digital tele phone and telex services, Kano metropolis historical significance housed the original settlers. There is also the Kano Zoological Garden.

The Kano City walls and 16 gates were built in phases from the 12th to 17th centuries, with some later developments to maintain the existing structure and to effect minor changes where necessary. The 1,000sq. km. Falgore Game Reserve, established as Kogin Kano Forest Reserve in 1949, is accessible by water and by road from Bagauda Tiga Holiday complex.

The BagaudaTiga Holiday Centre Complex including Bagauda Lake Hotel overlooking the Bagauda Lakes, has several chalets in form of bungalows and facilities for con ferences and other business meetings. The Rock Castle Hotel overlooking Tiga Lake is a luxury hotel complex.




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