SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTUREPost Comment SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE Nigeria
Education: Kaduna State again enjoys the leading position in Educational development in the entire region north of the NigerBenue valley. Prior to the acceptance and liberalisation of formal Western education by the government of the Northern Region, the efforts of Voluntary Agencies (Church Mission Groups) in establishing schools at both primary and secondary levels, gave the pres ent Kaduna State an enviable advantage of early educational infrastructure establishment.
In the southern and in Sabon Gari LGAs were founded by Mission Voluntary Agencies (e.g. in S.I.M/ECWA in Kwoi, Zonkwa and Kagoro; Anglican and Baptist in Kaduna, Makera/Tudun Wada, 3s Sabon Gari, Kafanchan, Saminaka and Kaura )n LGAs).
It is this early start that accounts for to Kaduna's relatively high level of literacy in the then »r Northern Region. Reliable enrolment figures are not accessible at the time of writing and are difficult in to estimate. But projections from a record of about in 1,800 Primary and Secondary Schools in the mid as 1980s and the large number of private proprietors schools that have sprang up, suggest that about 70 -75 per cent of children of school age are receiving formal primary education in the state.
About a third of that end up in the estimated sixtyeight of Secondary Schools (Federal and State ie Government owned and private/voluntary agencies) with large average enrolments of between 300 a and 500. Enrolments in some large schools in Zaria ut and Kaduna urban areas go up to between 2,000 re and 4,000 each, respectively.
There is a wide is range of tertiary institutions established to produce n highskilled manpower needed by the state. Twelve id out of seventeen are located in Zaria and include 3s the Ahmadu Bello University complex, Federal s, College of Education, Kaduna State College of Advanced Studies, State Polytechnic, College of ie Aviation Technology, National Institute for Chemical ie Research and Technology (all in Zaria); Command and Staff College at Jaji, and a Federal ur Polytechnic, Federal School of Forestry, National ait Water Resources Institute, and a College of Agriculture and Animal Science in Kaduna.
Health Care Delivery: Apart from a large two unit University Teaching hospital in Kaduna and ia Zaria, there are large and fully equipped government hospitals located in Zonkwa, Jama'a and m Kafanchan as well as in Kaduna and Zaria. Smaller ie government and privatelyowned ones, are also lie found in towns like Birnin Gwari, Kagoro, Saminaka and Soba.
The State Government, together with n the Federal Government and the World Health a" Organisation, have also established Comprehen an sive Primary Health Care Units in some selected rural areas; (e.g. Yaka Wada in Giwa LGA) which cater for child care, pre and antenatal health care.
Water Supply: While high evaporation during ie the long dry season poses serious limitations on available water resources, the two large river systems, the Kaduna and Gurara, that run through the ial state provide opportunities for good sources of ie water supply. But many of the tributary streams drys up during the long dry season.
Even so, the wide at alluviated valley bottomlands in many medium drainage basins (e.g. Galma, Tubo, Karami, Sarkin riy Pawa and Damari) favour extraction of groundwater of from shallow aquifers and boreholes from deep all ones. Thus, although the climatic conditions north of latitude 10°N pose problems of water shortages and the river valleys appear to be dry, moist valley bottom lands have sustained certain traditional hor ticultural/agricultural activities and provided domes tic water for people in many rural areas of the state.
Presently, there are five completed large and medium dams and water intakes at Zaria on Galma and Kubanni rivers; at Kangimi on Karami river; at Bimin Gwari on Kusheriki river; at Kaduna on Kaduna river. Also, one or two boreholes in every LGA have been completed and are now in opera tion to complement water supply for rural domestic uses (provided by the Federal Government through the now defunct Directorate of Foods, Roads and Rural Infrastructure, DFRRI). The State Government has also secured a N10 million World Bank loan to boost and expand water supply schemes to both the urban and rural populace.
Transport and Communication: Kaduna State is served with 2,820km stretch of trunk "A" Federal, wellsurfaced roads radiating from Kaduna City in five cardinal directions westwards to Tegina, northward to Kano, eastwards to Jos, south and southeastwards to the Federal Federal Capital Territory.
The State Government has also con structed good tarred surface roads comparable to the trunk "A" totalling 1,200km; and several other road development projects are still going on. Again, in order to open up the large rural areas, the former Federal Government Agency, DFRRI, constructed feeder roads to specific project locations.
For example, the road linking Rigachikun to Sabon Bimin and Gumel to Jere in Igabi and Kaohia LGAs respectively, are good feeder roads. Several other stretches have been constructed in Zango Kataf and Jama'a LGAs in order to gain access to the state's rural agriculture lands.
Apart from motor roads, railways converge on Kaduna city, from Lagos in the southwest and Port Harcourt in the southeast; and extend to Zaria which is another railway nodal settlement, with rail way lines branching to Kaura Namoda and Kano. These transportation networks are assets to the State Government for movement of goods, raw materials and services. Recently, development in air travel within Nigeria has linked the state to every corner of the country. Kaduna city now has a standard international airport.
This is welcome progress bringing the State closer to foreign investors. Indeed, busi ness in any part of Kaduna State from any part of the federation can be reached within an hour or two, using either the Nigeria Airways or other indige nous chartered aircrafts. Also, a modern telecommunication system con nects Kaduna State with all other states and the outside world. Nigeria Telecommunications Corporation (NITEL) provides twentyfour hours automatic telephone exchange services in form of telex and fax. in addition to teleohone services in Kaduna, Zaria, Kafanchan and Kachia.
Tourism and Recreation: Although the present state of tourism in Kaduna does not reflect the state's long history and its rich cultural developments, there are several tourist attractions in different parts. For example, the famous Zaria city walls, the Emir's legendary insignia and the palace drums are all in the Old city. During Muslim festivals, like those mentioned above, minidurbar "Hawan Doushe", is normally staged in the open field in front of the palace.
The origin of Nigeria's famous Nok terracota and its rich cultural heritage in Jaba LGA and the annual traditional festival of "Tuk Itamo" in Nok Village and Kwoi respectively; and the "Afan" festi val among the peoples in Jama'a, Sanga and Kaura LGAs are held during Christmas and Easter and attract other Nigerians and foreigners, by thou sands.
The most recent Nok terracotta find is the dual face portraits (male and female said to predate the single female burst culture dated 258 BC.13. Wildlife parks and games are very limited in the state, but there are some good spots of natural history and recreational sites, such as the Plateau scarp, "The Assob Falls and Kagoro hills bathylith with the Matsirga falls all in the Jama'a LGA.
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