NATURAL RESOURCES AND POTENTIALS FOR DEVELOPMENTPost Comment NATURAL RESOURCES AND POTENTIALS FOR DEVELOPMENT Nigeria
Jigawa State is richly endowed with natural resources. The state has vast agricultural land as well as abundant reserves of minerals. A major resource of significance in Jigawa State is the HadejiaNguru Wetlands, which covers an area of approximately 16sq. km. in Jigawa and Yobe states.
The economy of the HadejiaNguru Wetlands which is based on agriculture, grazing and fishing, is a vital element in the productive resource base of both states (Barbier et al, 1991). The floodplain facilitates and supports the productive economy over a far larger area of both states than simply the floodplain. It has also been estimated that the returns from wetland agriculture, fishing and fuel wood is higher here than in the upland farming areas.
Agriculture, Forestry and Other Basic Activities: It is noteworthy that the name Jigawa is a Hausa word used to describe a vast loamy but nonmarshy soil suitable for the cultivation of crops like groundnut, millet, guinea corn, cassava, etc. 70 per cent of the total land area is cultivable with ten per cent constituting grazing reserve, 5 per cent for est reserve and the remaining fifteen per cent are settlements and uncultivable areas.
The state has ninetyseven constituted forest reserves of 600sq. Km., seventeen communal forest area of 20sq. km. in total and one game reserve (Baturiya game cen tury) with 320sq. km. in total. To arrest the menace of desertification in the state, a total of 1,750 km of protective shelter belts were established and 250 km of sand dunes was fixed.
To boost industrial development, the Forestry Department also estab lished 1,350ha. of Acacia nilotica plantations for tannins and 350ha. of gum arabic plantations.For fisheries development on the other hand, the state is blessed with 303 natural/manmade water bodies located at Kazaure, Birnin Kudu and Hadejia.
The state in collaboration with local gov ernment councils started a programme under which all burrow pits would be put into use as fish ponds, the programme will assist about 250,000 fishermen in the affected areas. The programme will also involve the provision of inputs to the fishermen. About 90 percent of the population obtains a living from crop production and animal rearing.
Government plans to boost the production of food and export crops by providing irrigation facilities in the Hadejia valley. To this effect, the state govern ment has commissioned the Water Resource and Engineering Construction Agency (WRECA) of Kano State to dredge the Miga and Kafin Hausa rivers to provide irrigation facilities to Hadejia, Kafin Hausa, MalamMadori, Kaugama and Jahun local government areas (KCCIMA1993).
Already, the Hadejia River Valley has contributed immensely to thp National
Afrialoratorl Whoat Pinriiiftinn or Programme. Also, to boost fadama farming,
the state government has established Dambo, Abir, Bosuwa, Jemagu and Kuda Gangara
irrigation projural ects, which have provided more than 20,000 farms providing
families with means of livelihood, and produced ajor enormous amount of vegetables
and citrus fruits in the the dry seasons.
Farming in the state is essentially a maledom tes. inated affair. The women
are concerned with the iich processing and, to some extent, marketing of agri
is a cultural products. Farming is labour intensive with the family forming
the nucleus of farm labour. However, hired labour is often involved especially
)my during land preparation, planting and harvesting. In the view of the high
cost of hired labour, agricultural the activities are frequently carried out
late by many fuel families resulting in underutilisation of farmland ling and
low agricultural production generally.
One serious threat to agriculture in Jigawa State is the incidence of dry spell and drought. The isic state, as a whole, experiences moisture deficit and is the occurrence of likely drought worsens the situa but lion, resulting in reduced moisture for both agricultural and domestic purposes.
Crop failures occur in . 70 drought years likewise the death of livestock. The ten 1972/73 drought, for example, resulted in the loss for of 60 per cent of the animal population in are Dagacheri, a village in the northern fringes of the has state. 3sq. To combat uncertainties in agricultural production due to the effect of drought, the state govern :en ment has embarked upon the construction of dams and reservoirs to provide irrigation water.
Some of n of these dams include Dambo in Roni LGA and Birnin 250 Kudu dam.
Other measures include, the provision .trial of drought resistant crop varieties
and the estab tab lishment of grain reserves. Most of such measures for are
carried out by the Jigawa State Agricultural and Rural Development Agency (JARDA).
Other occupations of the people include craft ade making and trading. Local crafts abound every and where in the state. These include, blacksmithing, 30V cloth and hat weaving and mat making. Trading in hich various commodities takes place between Jigawa ids, State and other states of the Federation and also Tien between Jigawa State and Niger Republic. The also commodities include various grains, kolanuts, plan tain, bananas, palm produce and cattle.
Minerals: The state is endowed with abundant 'ood deposits of mineral resources. Some of these is in include, and ,Kaolin in Dutse, Gwaram, Kazaure and of Roni Local government areas. iusa ,Tourmaline found in Gwaram local government area. ocal ,Amethyst a semiprecious stone; the occurs in Gwaram local government to be able in Hadejia, Birniwa, Birnin Kudu, Gumel and Garki local government areas.
Potash in Birniwa and Kirkasamma local government areas. Silica deposits occur in Ringirn, Birniwa, Kazaure and Babura LGAs. Iron Ore occurs in Roni local govern ment. Copper found to be present in the iron ore fields identified at Roni local govern ment area.
White Quartz this is available in com mercial quantities at Kazaure and Roni; similar deposits in crystal form are also available in Gwaram. Refractory Clay available in Hadejia. Fine Clay deposits are available in Gwaram local government. Antimony in association with other min oralc nffiirc in Rirnin Kiidii
At the moment, there are quite a number of small scale industries scattered all over the state such as leather works, textile manufacture, riceprocessing, bakeries, et cetera. In view of the state's desire for rapid indus trial development, a comprehensive industrialisa tion plan has been proposed for the whole state. Already, Tate and Lyie Sugar Company Limited has established a f41 billion sugar factory at Auyo.
In this connection, the Kaigwai valley has been reacti vated, serving the
company as water reservoir. Other industrial projects that have been completed
and are fully operational include: Jigawa State Tomato and Citrus Processing
Industry with model farm, located at Kazaure processing tomato and citrus fruits
into juice, Jigawa State Flour Mills and allied products processing grains into
flour and grits in Gumel , Jigawa State Dairy Products and model farm processing
milk into yoghurt, cheese and butter at Birnin Kudu.
Atafi Rice Processing Company at Hadejia processing paddy rice, Sugar Processing
Company at Sara. Other industries that are under way include: Fertiliser Manufacturing
Industry, proposed to be at MalamMadori; Meat Processing Industry, pro posed
to be located at Maigatari; Sheet Glass Manufacturing Industry to be located
at Babura; as well as Tin and Columbite mining in several areas of the state.
In line with industrial development, the Jigawa State Rural Electricity Board has electrified and connected a total number of thirtynine villages and towns to the national grid system since its estab lishment. There are other seven towns and villages whose electrification works are in various stages of connection to the national grid system.