PEOPLE AND POPULATIONPost Comment PEOPLE AND POPULATION Nigeria
Ethnic Composition: Jigawa state is populat ed mainly by HausaFulani, but there are also Manga (a Kanuri dialect) and Badawa, who consti tute significant percentages in Birniwa, Guri and Kirikasamma local government areas.
Population: According to the 1991 census, Jigawa state had a total population of 2,829,929 inhabitants. There were 1,419,726 males as opposed to 1,410,203 females (NPC, 1992). The most densely populated local government area is Birnin Kudu while Gwiwa is the least populated local government area. At 3.25 per cent national growth rate, the 1999 projected population of the state is 3,565,711.
About 80 per cent of the population is found in the rural areas and is made up of mostly Hausa, Fulani and Manga (a Kanuri dialect). The pattern of human settlement is nucleated, with clear defined population centres. Cross border migration between Jigawa and neighbouring states and between Jigawa State and Niger Republic is common.
Migration of people into the state is highest during the dry season when cattle rearers from neighbouring Niger Republic migrate to the south in search of pasture and water for their animals. Outward migration is a feature of the off farming season when people leave the state in search of jobs in the neighbouring states, particularly Kano.