SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTUREPost Comment SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE Nigeria
Education: Indeed, education is the most vis ible industry of the people of Ekiti State, hence the people are in the forefront of educational develop ment. There are 541 public primary schools and about ninety registered private nursery and primary schools.
There are also 141 public secondary schools and more than twentyfive registered pri vate secondary schools. Four State Unity Secondary Schools are situated at Ado, Ikere, Oye and Usi; two Federal Unity Schools have also been established while there are four Technical Colleges in Ado, ljero, Ikole and Otun.
There are some schools established to cater for specific purposes such as the Special School for the Disabled Children at IdoEkiti, five Nomadic Schools dotted across the state and four Women Education Centres which are under the control of the local governments.
Continuing Education Centres for Senior Secondary School Examinations (SSSE) are also established in all major towns to provide oppor tunities for those who have failed the SSSE or those working class people who intend to advance their education. Besides all these, there are now com puter training centres and many professional cours es centres, especially in AdoEkiti. The products of these secondary institutions are well provided for as there are many tertiary insti tutions established across the state.
There is a School of Nursing and a School of Midwifery (a pri vate mission institution) at AdoEkiti, a School of Health Technology established in 1998 at ljero, a College of Education at IkereEkiti, a Federal Polytechnic at AdoEkiti and a State University at AdoEkiti.
Health Facilities: Various categories of health and medical facilities are available to the people of the state. These health facilities belong to the Federal, State and Local Governments, religious organisation, and private individuals. The state Government hospitals are classified into three viz: State Specialist Hospital at AdoEkiti; General Hospitals at EfonAlaave. Emure. Ido. liero. Ikere.Ikole, llawe, Omuo and Otun, and District Hospitals atAyede, ljian, llupeju/ltapaand lyin.
In effect, there are one specialist Hospital, nine General and four District Hospitals. Three comprehensive Health Centres are located at Ode, Okelmesi and Oye. In addition, there are about 250 primary healthcare (PHC) establishments such as Basic Health Centres, Maternity Centres and Dispensaries found all over the state.
Private individuals and missions also provide healthcare facilities by establishing hospitals, clinics and diagnostic laboratories. These are found in AdoEkiti and in other major towns of the state. The new civilian administration has prom ised free medical services for all the citizens of the state. Hitherto, free medical services had been given to all children below the age of eighteen years.
Water and Electricity Supplies: Over time, there has been marked improvement in the provi sion of potable water and electricity in Ekiti State. This is the result of the activities of Ekiti State Water Corporation and, in the past, DFRRI and PTF.
The State Water Corporation has connected all major urban centres, and even villages, to different water schemes in the state. The main water scheme is the Ero River Water Project which serves over sixtytwo towns and villages. The Ose River Water Supply Project also supplies potable water to EkitiEast and Ikere LGAs.
There is also the EfonAlaaye water scheme which caters for the western side of the state. Many boreholes and deep well schemes have been completed in urban and rural areas especially by DFRRI and some Local Governments. PTF also contributed to this by sinking boreholes in some higher institutions.
Transport and Communications: The state has a good network of roads that link the major urban centres with AdoEkiti, the state capital. There are also road networks linking the headquar ters of the local government areas.
At the inception of Ekiti State, the road network was about 2,380km and by now (three years later) the network had slightly increased to over 2,900km.
The major addi tion is the township network that had been improved and extended. This is especially notice able in AdoEkiti, IkereEkiti and IkoleEkiti. It is also important to examine the quality of the roads in the State. Since the takeover of many of the roads by the Federal Government in 1985 most roads have been tarred with asphalt.
Such roads include the Adolkerelfakilkole, ItawureAramokoljeroUsi Ayetoro; Adollumobaljesalsulkole; Ogotun lgbaraodo; lgbaraOdollaweAdo; IkoleAyedun AraromiOmuo and Ikoleltapajilyemero. Both the state and the local governments have also been involved in road development for the township and intersettlement routes. The contribution of DFRRI in the opening up of rural areas through road con struction is substantial. However, most of the
DFRRI roads are not tarred but most of them are motorable all the year round. The contribution of PTF in the development of roads in Ekiti State is worth mentioning. It assisted in rehabilitating Federal roads e.g. OgotunlgbaraOdo road and in constructing township roads.
The World Bank has also been involved in constructing intersettlement roads in the state. Before the creation of Ekiti State in 1996, there was the Owena Mass Transit of the old Ondo State involved in intra and interstate transportation. Immediately after the creation of Ekiti State, it launched its own transport service, known as Ekiti Kete Transport Service, meant to serve a similar purpose.
This transport service has gone a long way to solve transportation problems in the state. Most LGAs have their own mass transit scheme for both intra and interstate transportation. The inter state (Federal trunk road) between AdoEkiti and OrnuAran in Kwara State, however, is very bad.
The Nigerian Postal Service (N I POST) has its state headquarters at AdoEkiti while there are zonal offices in Ikere, Ikole, Ode and ljero. There are also telecommunication services supplied by NITEL. These services are available in AdoEkiti, Aramoko, tjero, Ikere and Ikole. With these trans port and communication facilities it can be said that the basic infrastructure for a conducive investment environment are available in Ekiti State.
Tourism and Recreation: The main tourist centre in Ekiti State is the Ikogosi Warm Springs where the state government has constructed guest houses for visitors' comfort. The warm spring has a swimming pool of warm water. A zoological garden is also attached to this tourist centre.
Other tourist attractions are the Fajuyi Memorial Park at Ado Ekiti, Olosunta Hills at IkereEkiti and the lpole/lloro Water Falls. As far back as 1988, the government of the then Ondo State commenced the beautification of major towns in the state. The Ekiti state government has improved on these beautification projects espe
daily in AdoEkiti. The projects are intended to brighten the dull landscape of the environment. The projects include the erection of historical statutes, construction of beautifully designed roundabouts and establishment of recreation parks. All of these projects provide necessary aesthetic attractions.
To back up these tourist centres are hotels, motels and various relaxation centres in the state. The state government has one hotel, Owena Motels Ltd, located in AdoEkiti. All major urban centres and most Local Government Headquarters also have modern hotels.
Mass Media: In order to disseminate informa tion in respect of the programmes of government and other organisations, and to provide entertain ment, the state has established its own broadcast ing service known as Broadcasting Service of Ekiti State (BSES). It is also known as Voice of Ekiti.
It is located at lfakiEkiti. The state has a government press. It is also a major partner of the Daily Sketch newspaper organisation. Furthermore, all the major national newspaper organisations are represented in the state, especially in the state capital.
Financial Institutions: Banking services and other financial institutions are only recently becom ing available to many communities in the state as a result of the efforts of the federal and state govern ments. The rural banking policy of the Federal Government, through the Central Bank of Nigeria and the Community Banks, has helped to bring banks to all the nooks and crannies of the state. Furthermore, when Ekiti State was part of the old Ondo State, the state government went into bank ing business with a foreign partner to establish the Owena Bank PLC in 1982.
There are branches of this bank in major towns like AdoEkiti, Ikere Ekiti, Ikole Ekiti and other state headquarters in the coun try. Other financial institutions include mortgage banks, credit finance houses, insurance compa nies, stock broking houses and a government owned Pools Betting and Lottery Agency.
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