NATURAL RESOURCES AND INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENTPost Comment NATURAL RESOURCES AND INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT Nigeria
AgroBased Resources: The agricultural resources in Edo State consist of food crops, tree crops, forestry products and livestock. The main food crops cultivated include yam, cassava, maize and rice in the Benin lowlands and on the Esan plateau. There is rice cultivation in the flood plains of the River Niger at Agenebode and Illushi.
Consequently, rice milling in Ekpoma, Illushi and Agenebode and cassava processing all over the state, are viable industrial activities for investment in the state.
Arising from the domesticated vegetation men tioned earlier, tree crops such as rubber and oil palm in the Benin lowlands and Esan Plateau and cocoa in Owan, Etsako and AkokoEdo are other resources fit for the establishment of some agro based industries.
The forest resources consist of a variety of trop ical woods, particularly in the Benin lowlands and on the Esan plateau. Woodbased industries that could be established are chipboard, paper conver sion and packaging, and prefabricated housing industries.
The cultivation of fruits such as pineap ples, oranges, avocado pear and green leaf veg etable in Uhunwode LGA and on the Esan plateau can give rise to a fruit canning industry in Ehor.
Finally, we have in the dry savannah areas of AkokoEdo , an ecology that can support large heads of cows, goats, sheep and birds. For instance, a poultry complex at Ibillo and a modern cattle ranch at Igarra are possible investment opportunities. There are also some fish farms at Ogba and Okhuo which can be expanded and mod ernised.
Mineral Based Resources: In Edo State the The agroallied industries that are vegetal and veg minerals available include quartzite (AkokoEdo, etalproducts dependent have the highest occur Owan East and West), marble (AkokoEdo, Esako rence, while the high technological aspects with fer and Owan), clays (Etsako), limestone (Etsako) , tiliser/pesticides and agricultural machinery/equip chalk (Usen near Benin), gypsum (Auchi), Tertiary ment are the least.
On the agroallied industrial shales and mica (AkokoEdo ), gold (near Ukpilla landscape is the Ewu Flour and Feed Mill in Esan and Ubiaja) and lignite /coal (Oredo and Esan West Central.
The Mill uses maize produced in its catch and Central), ment area and has influenced mechanised maize Limestone is currently used for cement produc farms at Agbede, Agenebode and Anegbette. tion at Ukpilla. Other uses to which it can be put Equally significant is the processing of palm oil at include the manufacture of fungicides, fertilizers Okomu, Nifor, Ewohimi, Obaretin and Okhuo.
In and water treatment metallurgy. Clay is useful for Benin City, there are stateowned and private the production of firebricks and furnace lining chem owned breweries.
Rice mills abound in Agenebode,chemicals such as detergents and insecticides. It is also Illushi and Ekpoma. good for making domestic pots, porcelain, cooking The nonagro allied industries are largely raw mineral based.
Popular among them are the Ukpilla Gypsum, on the other hand, is a significant raw Cement Factory and the marble and clay that are material for cement, fertiliser, plaster and plaster being quarried in Igarralkpeshi vicinity. Petroleum board industries.
Lime is useful tor agriculture and is currently being exploited in parts of Ovia and the chemical industry. Finally, building stones and Orihionwon local government areas
. Many tertiary sand/gravel are useful for construction of concrete, industrial enterprises which exist in the state road substratum and houses, include legal services, photographic and optical works, laundry, barbing and beauty saloons, restaurants.
Industries: From the above considerations, rants and hotels. There is a concentration of both the present industrial prospects of the state consist medium and smallscale industries in Benin City. generally of agro and nonagroallied industries.
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