SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTUREPost Comment SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE Nigeria
Education: Educational institutions abound in Edo State. The highest
educational institutions include: four universities, three of which are in Benin
and one in Ekpoma; one College of Education at Ekhiadolor, Benin City; The Institute
of Continuing Education, Benin City; one Polytechnic at Auchi and the Institute
of Physical Education at Afuze.
Postprimary (secondary) and primary schools owned by federal and state governments, missions and private individuals also abound in the state. Significant among them are Federal Government Girls College, Benin City; Federal Government College, Ibillo; the Edo State Model Secondary Schools at Ubiaja and Ebvoneka; Technical Schools at Igarra, Uromi and Benin City and the university /polytechnic staff schools.
As at now, the state government has handed over thirtytwo sec ondary schools to the Catholic, Anglican and Muslim Missions. The Word of Faith Schools established by Church of God Mission and the lgbinedion Education Complex, both in Benin City, are an epit ome of the role of the private sector in educational development of the state.
There are currently many private schools in the states. Specialist schools on computer education abound in the urban centres of Benin City, Ekpoma, Uromi and Auchi.
Health Services: The state's health care deliv ery system comprises three Teaching Hospitals (two in Benin City and one in Irrua), government hospitals, maternity centres and dispensaries. Notable private hospitals in Edo State are Osula and Ekpen in Benin City, Nazareth in Fugar, Faith and Notre Dame in Jattu in Etsako and Alafia Clinic in Igarra, Auchi and Ibillo.
Transport and Communications: Transportation in the state is mainly by road and, to some extent, by air and water. Communication, on the other hand, is by email, fax, telephone, post offices, courier servic es, daily newspapers, radio and television. The stateowned newspaper is called The Observer.
There are three television stations in the state, namely the Nigerian Television Authority, the Independent Television and the Edo State Television. Also, there are three radio stations owned respectively by Chief lgbinedion (the Esama of Benin), the federal government and the state government.
On road transportation, Edo State is trans versed by a network of Federal (Trunk A and E), State (Trunk B), township and rural earthroads (Edo State, 1999). Consequently, the State is well linked to other parts of the country, particularly Lagos, Abuja, Warri, Onitsha, lbadan, et cetera. Good township roads are found in Benin, Ekpoma, Igarra, Ibillo and Ubiaja; the roads aid intrasettlement movements.
The state government has built many roads, examples of which include the AfuzeOtuoUzebba road. Rural earth roads (over 1,047km in length) under the auspices of Local Government Councils, community development efforts and the now defunct Directorate of Food, Roads and Rural Infrastructure (DFRRt) have also improved rural accessibility within the state.
To comolete the transoort scenario, mention must be made of the Airport in Benin, the private air line, Okada Airline and the use of the River Niger at Agenebode and Illushi for water transport. Tourism and Recreation: Places of interest are located in Benin City, Okada and AkokoEdo mainly (Appendix V).
Ughoton village close to Benin is particularly significant, because it was con nected with Captain Philip's expedition of 1897. The village also served as a depot for the Trans Atlantic slave trade, as well as the departure point of the Portuguesebound emissaries from Benin during the 16th century.
In AkokoEdo, the Somorika Hills and Ososo Tourist Centre present beautiful scenery; from the top of the hills, parts of Kogi State and the Rivers NigerBenue confluence can be viewed.
In Etsako, the Edegbake and Oghodagho Caves can accommodate over 200 persons for purposes of relaxation. The stream that flows from Edegbake cave is a beautiful scenery. Finally, the celebration of festivals promotes relax ation.
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