SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTUREPost Comment SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE Nigeria
Education: Cross River State has one of the oldest educational institutions in the country. Hope Waddel Training Institute, a secondary school which was established in 1895, has produced such eminent Nigerians as Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe, the first
governor of the former Eastern Region. There are currently fifty three preprimary schools, 597 pri mary schools, 134 postprimary schools, and a polytechnic in the State. There is also a state College of Education atAkamkpa; and a College of Agriculture at Apiapum in Obubra LGA.
In addition to these, are the federal governmentowned College of Education at Obudu, and the University of Calabar. Students enrolment at all levels has increased considerably since the creation of the state, in spite of the downturn in the Nigerian economy.
The northern districts of Obubra and Ogoja have a much larger number of students at the primary and sec ondary levels than Akamkpa and Calabar Municipality. There is also a higher student enrol ment for adult education classes in the northern dis tricts. Pupils attend primary schools from home and most secondary schools since 1970 are also day schools.
Health Services: The wide gap that exists between rural and urban areas
in the available sup ply of medical and health facilities is a national problem.
It has been accentuated in Cross River State because of the lack of good access
roads, especially during the rainy season.
This is why it is fortunate that the state has witnessed a remarkable increase in the contribution of voluntary agencies to health care delivery. Hospitals, maternity homes and other health centres built and run by missionar ies, communities and individuals have helped to supplement government efforts in providing medical and health care services.
There are fifteen hospitals with 1,588 beds, two comprehensive health centres, nine primary health centres, seventynine health centres and twenty five dispensaries located all over the state. Other health establishments include two leprosy hospitals and seventeen maternal and child health centres. Calabar has a specialist hospital in addition to the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital.
Water Supply: The vast majority of rural people obtain water for domestic use from streams, rivers and wells. The State
Calabar International Airport
capital and the older town of Ogoja, Obudu, Ikorn and Obubra are served with
piped water from boreholes manned by the Cross River State Water Board.
Supplies are irregular and many urban dwellers have to buy water after paying
the mandatory annual water rates. Many rural communities temporarily enjoyed
rural water schemes funded by government through the defunct Directorate for
Foods, Road and Rural Infrastructure (DFRRI).
The new civilian administration has embarked upon an expansion of water supply treatment, as well as serious rural development.
Information: To boost information dissemination within and outside the state, the stateowned Cross River Radio operates mediumwave broad casting from its stations in Calabar and Ogoja. The Nigerian Television Authority station is NTA Channel 9, in Calabar.
There is a Newspaper Corporation that prints a local daily, the Nigerian Chronicle and the Sunday Chronicle. A private newspaper, The Media is published by Media Communications. A stateowned television, the Cross River Broadcasting Corporation, and a private newspaper, The Defender, have recently been added.
Transport and Communication: The Calabar seaport has an array of modern facilities for export and import trade. It enjoys direct road link with the middlebelt and the north-eastern parts of the country. Its facilities include 860m quay length and 35,000 sq.m of stacking area.
The port channel is 7m deep and is being dredged to 9m and 13m draught, at turning basin and quay side respectively. This will allow vessels of 170m, and between 10,000 and 15,000 dead weight to steam into the port without hindrance.
Eleven Eleven Roundabout with the Millennium Decorations
The Calabar port is also used as a supply base for Addax, an oilproducing company operating in the eastern offshore oil fields. Close to the port is the petrol depot belonging to the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC). Locally, the numerous rivers that traverse the coastal and riverine parts of the state, provide inland transportation routes. People in those parts, rely solely on water transportation, by means of speedboat, ferries and canoes.
Calabar is linked to Lagos, Abuja, and other parts of the country by regular domestic air services On the international route, the regular flights are to Douala in Cameroun Republic, Libreville in Gabon, and Malabo in Equatorial Guinea. There are a number of air travel agencies in Calabar, including KLM and British Caledonia, her US Travel, etc. Courier services in Calabar link als places within and outside Nigeria. Cameroun and Equatorial Guinea maintain consular service in the the capital. Calabar enjoys excellent road connections with the rest of Nigeria.
Its location on the southeastern extremity of the country, almost entirely isolated by rivers, warrants the maintenance of good network der of roads. The two major road transportation arteries are the eastwest lkang Calabarltu Road and the the northsouth Calabar lkomYola road.
However, eg parts of both highways have fallen into a severe state of disrepair on account of lack of adequates. maintenance. With the EPZ at Calabar, it is vital that l both roads be rehabilitated and in fact dualized. the Cross River towns have good intracity transportation (taxis, buses, motorcycles), in addition to a good system of intercity and interlocal government up area transportation.
However, the State suffers from poor accessibility and is without motorable roads and bridges. Sometimes canoes, treetrunks and na ropes are the only means used by the natives to led cross large rivers in remote settlements.
To fully tap ad the resources of Cross River State, there is a need Fhe to open more roads and expose the highly industrious village folks to better economic and social life Indeed, Cross River State is beckoning for rural development, to which the incumbent Governor The Donald Duke is responding.
A There are only nine post offices in Cross River State. Telecommunication services in the state are also grossly inadequate, as only a few towns Ogoja, Ikorn and Calabar enjoy automatic tele phone services, with only Calabar having international direct dialling facilities.
Tourism and Recreation: Many tourist attractions of both natural and historical interest are found and in Cross River State,
ACCESS Schools,Calabar ( A model private group of schools)
among which are the follow.
Obudu Cattle Ranch: Established in 1951, the sen Obudu Cattle Ranch is reputed to be one of the the outstanding tourist attractions in West Africa. The ilso Ranch lies on an altitude of 1,575.76m. The 12km ;ing tarred road, from the bottom of the hill to the peak .
where the ranch is situated, is made up of twenty the two very sharp bends and Uturns. The ranch has temperate climate where vegetables and livestock the thrive.
Old Residency Museum: This imposing fornate edifice, with beautiful golden European archi tecture, served as the seat of government during her the colonial era of the Southern Nigeria protectorate. Today, it is part of the National Museum, the National Commission for Museums and Monuments, housing artifacts and relics of historical and archaeological interest.
Etankpini Caves and Tropical Karst Scenery: Wellformed limestone caverns
with sta lactites and stalagmites occur in Etankpini village in Odukpani LGA.
There is a full range of tropical karst scenery with sink holes and pillars
(Fetters, 1980). This is the only karst scenery on the West African coast.
The caves are yet to be fully explored geo logically and archaeologically. Other caves exist at Agwangune in Biase LGA. The Karst and cave features have developed in exposures of the Mfamosing limestone (Petters, 1996) which are typical humid tropical features. Surface features include towers, pinnacles, bluffs, Kerren and depressions, while subterranean caves, speleothems and phreatic tubes are available and accessible tor tourism and adventure.
Agbokim Waterfalls: Located some 15km from town, this waterfall is actually on the Cross River, where it descends in terraces, through the tropical rainforest. The falling sheet of water is indeed spectacular.
Kwa Falls: Another spectacular waterfall, the Kwa falls, is located in a narrow, steep gorge on the headwaters of the Kwa River, where it cascades down resistant basement rocks. Adeep plunge pool forms at the bottom of the waterfall, which, before deforestation, was hidden under the thick canopy of the tropical rainforest.
Carved Monoliths, Ikorn: These are beautiful ly carved stones representing ancient monuments made by ancient people in honour of their ances tors. They are unique artistic expressions which are being protected in situ by the National Commission for Museums and Monuments.
Cross River National Park, Kanyan: This is part of the Cross River National Park rainforest con servation area, located in Boki LGA. The park extends from Kanyan to the toot of the Obudu Plateau. It has a total land area of 720 sq. km. Its unique natural features which include rugged mountain scenery and rolling hills, explain why it has been described by a 1979 UNESCO Report as one of the finest places in the world.
The park has such animals as gorillas (hitherto declared extinct in Nigeria), chimpanzees, baboons, leopards, red foxes, high forest monkeys, buffaloes and elephants.
Chief Ekpo Bassey's House: This vintage house is situated at 19 Boko Street, Calabar, and was the residence of the famous
Obong of Calabar's Palace, Calabar
Chief Ekpo Bassey. It is now a national monument. The house was imported in parts from the United Kingdom and only assembled at its base.
Mary Slessor's Residence: Built conspicu ously in the heart of Okoyong in Odukpani LGA is the monumental onestorey block that housed the famous missionary Mary Slessor. Born on December 2, 1848 in Aberdeen, Scotland, Mary Slessor started her extensive, unique and indefatigable life saving and historic missionary activities in the Old Calabar Province in 1876, and served for almost half a century.
Mary Slessor's Tomb: Mary Slessor's tomb is in the Calabar Municipality.
Bassey Duke Effigy: Erected graciously at the roundabout by the famous Watt Market in Calabar, the Bassey Duke effigy immortalises late Bassey Duke, a famous Efik trader and community leader of the 19th and 20th Centuries.
Calabar Cenotaph: This was built in memory of Nigerian War heroes of the two World Wars and the Nigerian Civil War. It is located along Calabar Road, near the Central Bank of Nigeria, Calabar.
In addition to the foregoing tourist attractions, the following sporting and recreational facilities are available in Cross River State: Calabar Sports Stadium; Calabar Sports Club; African Club, Calabar; Opal Squash Club, Calabar; Pamol Club, Odukpani; Naval Base; Calabar CREL Club, Akamkpa; Police Club, Calabar; Prison's Club, Ogoja; and Sports Club, Ogoja. The Calabar Sports Stadium was one of the locations where the FIFA World Cup was hosted in Nigeria in 1999.
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