SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTUREPost Comment SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE Nigeria
Table 6.2 summarises clearly the level of provi- sion of physical and socio-economic amenities in Bayelsa State and it demonstrates the fact that the State is highly underdeveloped. There is linear relationship between infrastructural facility provision and economic development between fifty-two and fifty-eight per cent of all sec ondary and primary schools in the state. The threi LGAs are located in the central half of the state; ani they are Yenagoa, Southern ljaw and Ogbia. Thi state has no tertiary or post-secondary institution.
The state is not adequate! served with medical facilities. However, sonrr LGAs such as Yenagoa, Southern ljaw and Ogbi. are favourably served with medical facilities.
The three LGAs control 55.5 per cent, 72.2 per cen 43.8 per cent and 33.3 per cent of the states healt clinics, maternity centres, primary health centre and hospitals respectively. However, Shell an other oil prospecting companies have establishe medical centres to cater for their staff in variou locations in the state.
Electricity and Potable Water: These facil ties are not sufficiently provided in the state in the no LGA is served by electricity supplied from th National Electricity Power Authority (NEPA) an none enjoys full access to pipe-borne water: Ogbif Southern ljaw and Yenagoa are provided with ligh by a state run gas turbine.
Transport and Communications: The major modes of transport in the state are waterways an roads. The state has many transport problems the have hindered its economic development for man years
. Water transport:
The State, like any othe state in the Niger Delta, is traversed by a comple network of River Niger's distributaries, resulting i widespread swamp land. Water transport is there fore the main means of movement. Speed boat
characteristic modes of transportation. The eff efficiency and capacity of speed boats is poor because they do not normally carry goods and they accorr modate less passengers than out-board engine boats. The slowest means of travel is the out-boar engine boat, while the in-board engine boat usuall ly has the largest capacity (lkporukpo, 1986). Wate ie transport in Bayelsa State is confronted with sue problems as slowness, lack of safety, irregularity' lack of comfort, low efficiency and capacity, among it, others.
There is need to develop efficient water transport; through the development of long swam bridges that will link swamp settlements with uplaned areas and the outside world. Such bridges are is particularly needed to link:
Road transport is po developed because of ecological problems as ec er identified. Inter-settlement links are lacking. I available roads are those within the towns and villages And lkporukpo (1986) states that except Yenagoa, the total length and densities of all gra( of roads in the local government areas of the st are far below the mean both for the respect states and for the nation. Bayelsa State, though presently termed a st ats in physical difficulties, has bright prospect for fut the eco
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