SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTUREPost Comment SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE Nigeria
Educational facilities at the different levels abound in the state. Among the major institutions of higher learning are the Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University (Federal) in Bauchi, College of Education in Azare; Bauchi State Polytechnic and Federal
Tombstone of Alhaji Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, Bauchi
Polytechnic in Bauchi; and the Teacher's College, Toro, which is a private (Mission) institution established in 1928 as the first higher educational institution in the state and the second in the entire northern states of Nigeria. There is also the Bauchi State School of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry in Bauchi town.
Health Care Facilities: The state has several government general hospitals in each of the old LGA headquarters; Primary Health Centres (PHCs); Dispensaries; Urban Maternity Centres and Maternal and Child Health (MCH) Clinics; Comprehensive Health Centres (CHC) and Tubal Legation (TBL) Clinics. There are also several private hospitals, clinics, maternities, pharmaceutical shops and dispensing clinics; especially in Bauchi and Azare, which provide health care to the people in the state (Table 5.5).
There are government owned urban maternity centres in Bauchi and Azare towns, aimed at decongesting the general hospitals in these urban centres. There are also a Specialist Hospital, an in Eye Clinic, a Nutrition Unit and a Dental Centre, all in Bauchi, and Mobile Clinics which serve the rural areas of the state. In addition, there are over 120 dispensaries; 225 leprosy clinics; over fifty-five MCH clinics built and owned by the LGA councils. The state's Health Management Board oversees the running of the Bauchi State-owned health institution tutions, and assists the LGA-owned ones by providing qualified manpower and drugs.
Transport and Communications: Bauchi , State is very well served with road links, both within the various parts of the state and with other parts of the country.
Zaranda Hotel, Bauchi
In particular, it is connected with and traversed by three main national trunk roads. The first is the A3, which stretches for about 230km withp in the state leading from Jos in Plateau State through Toro, Bauchi, Darazo and Kari towns in the state, and out to Potiskum and Maiduguri towns in Yobe and Borno states, respectively.
The others are the A237 trunk road which passts es from Kari, through Misau, on to Birnin Kudu in Jigawa State and Kano, as well as the A345 trunk road which traverses Bauchi town, through Gombe is and Kaltungo in Gombe State, to Numan and Yola in towns in Adamawa State.
The major roads focus in n, the state is Bauchi town, linked by the trunk road ic A345, from which several roads, indeed no less ie than five of different grades, radiate to the major settlements in the state and beyond. Some of the minor road nodes in the state include Azare, Misau, Kari and Ningi, from which several trunk B and lower grade roads criss-cross the state.
The Kuru to Maiduguri eastern rail line extenor sion in Nigeria passes through Bauchi State, connnecting several settlements, including Lere, Bauchi, and on to Gombe and Bajoga in Gombe State. The te state capital is served by an airstrip for light aircraft.
The State capital, and several of the other settlete ments in the state, are
served by both postal and st telecommunication facilities, while the state's
radio and television networks cater for the needs of peoa. pie of the state,
in addition to booking on to the national network at specified times. The LGA
headquarters are, in particular, provided with several of these facilities,
in addition to their secretariate, water, electricity, housing estates, industrial
estates and abattoirs.
The rural infrastructures; in the state include, electrification, dams and agricultural facilities. Among the numerous dams in the
Yankari National Park, Yankari
state are Gubi dam, Kafin Madaki dam, Tilden ;al Fulani dam and Katsinawa dam. Bauchi State :hi Rural Electrification facilities have been extended to ile several places, while the NEPA PLC national electrification grid lines have been extended to many ity settlements, including, especially, the LGA head quarters.
Bauchi State Agricultural and Rural Development Agency has provided several facilities including water boreholes in many locations in the state. Similarly, the Bauchi State Agricultural and Rural Programme, organised in zones within the state, has also led to the provision of various agricultural infrastructure. Numerous Model Farm Centres have been established in various parts of the state. Both the Hadeja-Jama'are River Basin Authority and the Upper Benue River Authority have also provided some facilities.
Tourism and Recreation:
Bauchi State is very rich in tourism and recreational facilities. They include numerous historical monuments; scenic resorts, water sports and recreational attractions: wildlife and game reserves and traditional festivals (Appendix 1). The fame enjoyed nationwide and beyond by the Yankari National Park, and the Lame-Burra Forest and Game Reserve in the state is well known. So also is the Abubakar Tafawa Balewa Tomb. In addition, several hotels exist and provide services to tourists and recreation seekers (Appendix II).
The Yankari National Park/Game Reserve, opened to the public in December 1962, is situated at about 115km south-east of Bauchi town in Alkaleri LGA and covers an area of some 2,244 sq.km of gently undulating savannah woodland.
The area is generally between 215m and 369m above sea level. Its attractions include a rich variety of games (and provisions for games viewing); Wikki natural warm spring, with excellent bathing facilities; Marshall Cave; and fish ponds. Provisions are made for camping; sport-fishing, boating, lawn-tennis and badminton games. Suitable accommodation, catering, booking arrangements, bus shuttle services and vehicle charter are provided.
Game viewing can be done either in the National Park vehicles or in private vehicles. The Park is reputed to be the first of its kind in West Africa and attracts visitors/tourists from different parts of the world; hence, the state is named "The Pearl of Tourism in the Nigerian Sun.
The sports facilities in the state include the Abubakar Tafawa Balewa Stadium, with an Olympic-size swimming pool, a multi-purpose indoor games hall and a games village. Others are the golf course and polo ground of national and international importance, all situated in Bauchi town. Sports are enthusiastically encouraged throughout the state and sportsmen and women from the state perform very creditably at national meets.
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