House Forms and Settlement PlanPost Comment House Forms and Settlement Plan Nigeria
The main purpose of a house is to provide shelter, security and privacy for the occupant. All these factors were taken into consideration not only in the form of houses that were built but also in the settle ment plans of the communities.
The Rectangular style was characterised by having mud wall, thatched saddle or hipped roof and free standing. In the Impluvial style, which was common in the forest area of the southern part of Nigeria, four buildings were arranged in a rectangular form to enclose a courtyard.
USE OF LOCAL MATERIALS
Apart from ease of procurement, locally sourced materials appeared to possess other qual ities which enhanced their use in the building trade. It is known that walls erected in thick layers ensured strength and stability of the building while thick thatched roofs with overhanging eaves ensured that the buildings were were shady, cool, and ventilated. A Polish Professor of Architecture, carried out a survey of Nigerian traditional architecture between 1958 and 1965. Not satisfied with this singular effort and obviously fascinated by the ingenuity of the traditional architect, Dmochowski returned to Nigeria in 1972 to embark on the ambitious task of reconstructing some of the major ancient traditional building types to create the present Museum of Traditional Nigerian Architecture (MOTNA) in Jos.
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