SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTUREPost Comment SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE Nigeria
The people of the state place premium on education. Town unions, private individu als, and associations, being part of voluntary
All Saints Catherdral Church, Onitsha
agencies, have played active roles in the development of educational infrastructure in the state. Although state control of education has been the policy, pri vate participation has also been encouraged. Besides, there is a gradual return of some secondary schools to their previous voluntary agencies (missions).
Private nursery, vocational and com mercial education have been on the increase. There are now 890 primary schools in the state, with a total enrolment of about 386,000 pupils. Secondary schools number 270 with an enrolment of about 124,700 students. The state now has three universities: a Federal university Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, with its teaching hospital at Nnewi; a state university with two campuses, one at the former state polytechnic, Uli; and a pri vate university, Madona University, Onitsha, tem porarily located at Okija, and owned by the Roman Catholic Church.
There is also a degreeawarding theological college, St. Paul's Theological College, Awka, affiliated to the University of Nigeria, Nsukka. Other tertiary institutions include the College of Education (Technical), Urnunze; the Federal Polytechnic, Oko; the College of Agriculture, lgbariam; and the All Hallows Senior Seminary, Onitsha.
State House of Assembly complex, Akwa
The provision of health facilies ranks second to education in priority. There are thirtytwo government owned hospitals, with some LGAs having more than one, in addition to many private hospitals and clinics. A School of Nursing and Midwifery is located at Nkpor, near Onitsha. Four Comprehensive Health Centres for secondary healthcare have been established in the state. The University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital is located at Abagana; with three branches of the Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital sited at Neni, Ukpo, and lsuOchi.
Watersupply is very inade quate in the state, especially in urban centres such as Onitsha, Nnewi, Awka and Ekwulobia. Conse quently, much private effort goes into the provision of water using boreholes and water storage tanks. Water vending is a lucrative business in Anambra State.
The provision of electricity in the rural areas is being vigorously pursued through the Anambra State Directorate for Rural Development (SDRD). Electricity projects completed have been commissioned at Umuoji, Abatete and Nsugbe, while fifty other communities have their projects at various stages of development.
Transport And Communication:
Niger Bridge-head, Onitsha
The state is served by four major road networks. The Onitsha Enugu dual carriageway is a gateway to the west and north of the country. The Onitsha Owerri road, a very busy highway, is the main artery to the eastern states. There are plans to dualise this route. The Onitsha Nnewi Okigwe road and the Onitsha Adani road render the rest of the state accessible to the river port and nodal town of Onitsha. Most of the road transport services have their headquarters at Onitsha.
The main waterway is the River Niger. Onitsha is the largest river port in the country. Vessels can travel from Onitsha eastward up to Yola on the River Benue, westward to Yelwa on the Niger, and southward to the Delta ports of Brass, Warri and Burutu. The Anambra State Central Water Transportation Company, established in 1970, has its headquarters at Onitsha. The Anambra River is navigable by small vessels from Onitsha up to Ogwugu in Enugu State. The state government has provided pontoon services for riverine areas of Anambra East, Anambra West and Ayamelum LGAs.
The state is not served by rail, although plans are being made for a railway line from Enugu thrniinh Onitshn tn thp Wpcit tn inin thp iron and steel line from the Ajaokuta Steel Mill. The only airport in the state is at Oba, close to ', Onitsha. When fully operational, the airport will boost trade and tourism, and will be highly patron ised.
The mass media and major information organs 3 are the State Broadcasting Services at Awka; Minaj i Broadcasting and Television Service at Obosi (privately owned); the Newspaper and Printing Corporation; and the publishers of the National Light and the Spokesman newspapers. Postal services are available in every community while telephone services are concentrated in the urban il centres and local government headquarters.
Tourism And Recreation:
Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Main Gate, Akwa
The state is endowed with several natural features of scenic beauty, as well as historical and cultural attractions, upon which a viable tourist industry can be based. These include the Agulu, lyiocha/Amaokpala, Ezu Nawfia, and Obutu Lakes, the Ogbunike and Ajali caves, the Otuocha sand beach, and NankaAgulu gullies. The cultural features are the Nri Odinani a Museum established by the Nri Community, the EnugwuUkwu and lgboukwu Museums, and the Asele Arts gallery at Nimo.
The Institute of African studies at the University of lbadan has carried out extensive archaeological and ethnographic studies on famous sites in Anambra State. Anambra State Museum attracts over 1,000 foreign visitors annually, and also a large number of local tourists and research scholars.
There are about 115 standard hotels in the state concentrated mainly at Onitsha, Awka, and Nnewi. Awka is the base for the stateowned Ikenga Hotels. Two fivestar hotels have been proposed to be sited near the Ogbunike cave. The Rojeny Tourist Centre at Oba is privately owned and has catering, sporting and recreational facilities of international standard. Its stadium is the only standard one in the state and serves as the home base of the divisions one and two football clubs in if the state.
The Power Mike Sports Centre at Onitsha provides physical training facilities and hosts local and international wrestling and boxing a championships. The annual National Coscharis Table Tennis Championships hold at Anaedo Hall at Nnewi.
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