ABIA - SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTUREPost Comment ABIA - SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE Nigeria
Education: The Abia State Government places priority on education. It runs over 800 primary schools, 160 secondary schools, one teacher training college and five technical colleges. There is also a College of Education (Technical) at Arochukwu.
Other higher institutions in the state are the Abia State University at Uturu in lsuikwuato LGA, and the Abia State Polytechnic at Aba. In addition, the government provides a staff training school at Urnunnato in Bende LGA. A Federal University of Agriculture has been sited at Urnudike, lkwuano LGA, by the Federal Government. Other educational institutions include Schools of Nursing and Midwifery in Abiriba, Aba and Umuahia
A School of Midwifery is attached to the Methodist Hospital, Amachara, while the School of Health Technology at Aba trains various categories of health staff (i.e. health superintendents, rural health superintendents, community midwives, health assistants and community health assistants). A School of Psychiatric Nursing is located in Mgboko (Obingwa LGA).
A Youth Opportunity Centre at Urnueleghele in Isiala Ngwa LGA has been established to enable school drop-outs and unemployed youths acquire vocational skills. Vocational training for the disabled is provided by the Marist Brother's Hopeville Rehabilitation Complex at Uturu and Umuahia.
Facilities there include workshops for making shoes, wheels and prostheses. Health Care Delivery: The Abia State Ministry of Health, through the Health Management Board, is responsible for healthcare.
The healthcare system comprises twelve general hospitals, two specialist hospitals, one psychiatric hospital, two dental centers two schools of nursing, three schools of midwifery, one school of psychiatry, one school of health technology, sixty-three health centres, fifteen maternities, thirty-two dispensaries, six sub-dispen- saries, four destitute homes, one remand home and three homes for the care of the handicapped.
Water Supply: The state urban water scheme provides water for Aba and Umuahia. The larger LGA headquarters are also expected to benefit from this scheme. For rural areas, there is a rural water scheme. However, most rural dwellers rely on streams and wells for their domestic water needs. Communities living in the coastal plain sand areas experience acute water shortage between November and March when wells and water ponds dry up.
Transport and Communications: Abia State has a network of roads linking the major urban areas and the headquarters of the 17 local govern- ment areas. Some of these roads have been tarred while those untarred are graded annually. Most of the local governments in the state have well graded intra-community roads.
The Port-Harcourt - Enugu Expressway (Trunk A) passes through the major towns of Umuahia and Aba. In addition, the Eastern railway line runs through Aba and Umuahia. There are automatic telephone exchanges located at Aba and Umuahia. Furthermore, telephone subscribers in the state can now dial any part of the world from Aba and Umuahia.
The state is well served by the Nigerian Postal Services (N I POST), sub-post offices and postal agencies. It is also less than two hours drive from Umuahia, the state capital, to the Port-Harcourt International Airport, and less than thirty-five min- utes drive from Imo airport.
Tourism And Recreation: Abia State has a number of areas with immense scenic attraction. A 1992 brochure on "Tourism in Abia State" lists the following tourist attractions: Arochukwu Long Juju Azurnini Blue River in Ukwa National War Museum in Umuahia. The rich cultural heritage of Abia State also lends itself to the promotion of tourism.
The main centres of cultural attraction are the famous tradi- tional "Akwete" cloth weaving in Ukwa East LGA The Azurnini Blue River has natural swimming pools which attract visitors from within and outside the state.
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